How did Cromwell help to develop a Tudor state? Thomas Cromwell, the chief minister for Henry VIII from 1533 to 1540 was a ruthless politician, who some historians believe to have caused a ‘revolution in government.’ However, other historians believe that the developments of the Tudor state were not due to Cromwell’s farsighted planning, but other factors. To answer the question, we first must identify the components of the Tudor state, and how Cromwell influenced and changed these areas. Perhaps the foremost part of the Tudor State, the Government, underwent a significant change, mostly due to the Royal Supremacy over Church carried out by Cromwell. He was familiar with Lutheran and humanist ideals, and as a lawyer he had the capabilities to carry out his ideological reforms in Parliament.
The aim of the marriages of Henry’s children into the royal houses of foreign powers was to establish the Tudor dynasty as rightful rulers of England. Acknowledgement of kingship was vital to Henry VII, who was a usurper of the English crown, and by marrying his family to foreign monarchs he could gain international recognition of his status. A suitable marriage would result in a foreign power having a vested interest in the Tudor dynasty so as to maintain peace between themselves and the new English rulers. The marriage of Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon was a prime example of this. Spain, which was united in 1469 by the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, had become a major power in Europe.
By 1536 the Royal Supremacy in church and state was established and widely accepted, allowing Henry to exert his power more thoroughly, and ultimately creating a revolutions the king could take full control of the kingdom. Although Cranmer took the lead in theological debates, it was in fact Cromwell who shaped the new church. In 1536 Cromwell was appointed Vicegerent in Spiritual, and along with introducing his Protestant ideas, which further undermined the respect for the papacy and helped to justify the break with Rome. Cromwell’s careful follow-on of events, such as the valor ecclesiasticus and, ultimately, the break with Rome,was vital in the construction of Henry as the centre of both Church and Country, ultimately showing that Cromwell was more than significant in creating a revolution in the way of Tudor government. Administrative changes also played a role in the creation of the new government, and Cromwell was the man behind many of these, seeking to reform and
His last aim was the succession. Henry would need a male heir so as to secure the throne for the Tudors. The first of Henry’s aims to be completed was to start the differentiation between himself and his father. In April 1509, just as he had become ruler, he had two of his father’s most powerful men arrested; Edmund Dudley and Richard Empson, and a year later the two were executed. Henry had done this so he could abolish the Council Learned in Law, meaning that he could cancel 175 bonds his father had put in place with his Nobles.
They were truly ready to secede from Britain and become sovereign by their own right. Nonetheless, John Dickinson felt that a letter to the king will possibly stop the madness and keep them from having to break ties with Great Britain. Therefore the Olive Branch Petition was born. It is said that the Olive Branch Petition was a humble appeal to king George III. I feel that the tone of the document was neither humble nor aggressive.
Was Cromwell A Harsh Dictator Or A Fair Ruler? Oliver Cromwell ruled England at this time and it wasn’t easy, he upset Ireland and made his soldiers get rid of parliament by saying you have sat here too long for the good you do in the name of God go. Oliver Cromwell led the group the republicans and they believed that parliament should rule and the king should at least share the power with parliament and if not he should go but he and the republicans thought that the people in parliament were not fit to rule in parliament. The king had died at this point and people thought it was time for an election, people thought Charles 1’s son should rule but other people had different ideas. Mp’s started quarrelling about religious questions such as should baptism happen to children or adults these things started to really annoy Cromwell with these quarrels.
These nobles expected a monopoly of influence over the king. As a result, the king had to perform a balancing act between expectations of the nobles and the King’s own freedoms of action to appoint his own councillors. The King needed to stop one faction from dominating and not exclude people of royal blood, something that Henry would struggle with. Although Henry was not directly responsible for the growth in power of the nobility, many of his actions certainly exacerbated the problem. More powerful nobles meant hat Henry had to dispense patronage fairly or risk upsetting and isolating powerful nobles.
* Having been forced into peace, Charles was inclined to stay at peace because of any resumption of wat would require a resemption of Parliament to pay for it. * Charles entered the Personal Rule surrounded by ministers who had their own reasons for avoiding war and Parliaments. * Archbishop Laud and Lord Treasurer Weston were the most powerful men in the first half of the personal rule. * Laud and Portland had been prominent in advising the dissolution of Parliament in 1629, and both rightly feared they would be attacked in any new
This led to a decision for the king: cope with our demands, or we fight for our independence. After the king rejected the demands of the petition, Thomas Paine released an article entitled “Common Sense”. By this time, the people thought they were fighting to make King George III listen to their demands, but Thomas Paine introduced the idea that independence was better fighting for, and that Britain has too much power over us. He stated that Britain could drag Americans into war that they had no intention of being in, which was concluded that America is much better off on its own, and that this way of thinking was common sense. This document changed the minds of thousands of Americans to now want complete independence.
A breakdown in parliament then occurred because Charles realized the parliamentary attack on Buckingham was increasing so in 1625 dissolved his first Parliament in order to protect his close companion. The close relationship of Charles and The Duke of Buckingham enabled Buckingham to have security and potential access to more than Charles realised. The Cadiz Expedition is a prime example of Buckingham failures. Both Charles and Buckingham decided to attack one of Spain’s main ports to destroy as many of the Spanish fleet as possible. (Troops were raised but mostly untrained).