Henry was exposed to the pull of the factions but a new aristocratic approach to the government strengthened the conservative faction however with the arrest of Duke of Norfolk (1547) and the dismissal of Gardiner from the Privy Chamber the reformists gained the much needed advantage . This shows that there was a threat to the stability of the government as Henrys most trusted councillors seemed to become more radically involved in the faction rivalry during the last 8 years of Henrys reign. This may have added pressure on Henry and his deteriorating health thus he may have not been able
In source 4 we also learn that much must have depended on diplomatic relations with Maximilian and Ferdinand, however Henry’s allies proved unfaithful and unreliable. Source 4, is written by a member of the Government of England. The government is who Henry and Wolsey would go to for Money for these situations. The Government did not like how much Money Henry kept asking for so this could have been reflected in Keith Randall’s report. Henry spent 1.4 millions pounds on fighting wars between 1511-25 and this set England back a far way.
Was Cromwell A Harsh Dictator Or A Fair Ruler? Oliver Cromwell ruled England at this time and it wasn’t easy, he upset Ireland and made his soldiers get rid of parliament by saying you have sat here too long for the good you do in the name of God go. Oliver Cromwell led the group the republicans and they believed that parliament should rule and the king should at least share the power with parliament and if not he should go but he and the republicans thought that the people in parliament were not fit to rule in parliament. The king had died at this point and people thought it was time for an election, people thought Charles 1’s son should rule but other people had different ideas. Mp’s started quarrelling about religious questions such as should baptism happen to children or adults these things started to really annoy Cromwell with these quarrels.
Whilst this played a key role in the Wars of the Roses breaking out, Henry’s ability to isolate important nobles went a long way towards explaining the Lancastrians defeat in 1461. - The role of Warwick The decision of Warwick to switch sides was particularly momentous. He had money, castles and retainers in England, and given his time as Captain of Calais he could command the support of the largest garrison of English soldiers. He effectively led the Yorkist invasion in 1460 and his belated involvement at Towton helped the Yorkists claim
Another reason feudalism lost power was the mercenaries that fought for the English king. After the first of the many treaties during the war was signed in 1360 by France, the English king did not want to release his unruly soldiers on his own land. Instead, they were loosed on France where they were free to loot and pillage as they pleased. Castles that belonged to lords took a beating as the mercenaries took them over and then sold them back to the lords for a large price. New weaponry made in the war made the king stronger against nobles.
There are many events that occurred in 1483 as a result of the weaknesses of Edward IV that led to the usurpation of the crown, such as the overmighty nobility, strong division between the Yorkists, the premature death of the King and the opposition of the Woodvilles. However there were also the personal ambitions of his brother Richard III, who had a strong powerbase in the North, needed to protect himself from the Woodville’s revenge, arranged the arrest and deaths of nobles in his way of the throne and imprisoned his own nephews. One of the biggest weaknesses in Edward’s reign was his nobility, who were hugely overmighty despite the fact that he had distributed less patronage in his second reign than he did in his first. Gloucester and the Woodvilles benefited in particular from his extensive patronage. In July of 1471 Gloucester was granted all of Warwick’s northern lands and to help him conduct the war against the Scots in 1480-82 he was also made Lieutenant General in the north.
His last aim was the succession. Henry would need a male heir so as to secure the throne for the Tudors. The first of Henry’s aims to be completed was to start the differentiation between himself and his father. In April 1509, just as he had become ruler, he had two of his father’s most powerful men arrested; Edmund Dudley and Richard Empson, and a year later the two were executed. Henry had done this so he could abolish the Council Learned in Law, meaning that he could cancel 175 bonds his father had put in place with his Nobles.
Napoleons Mistakes and Their Consequences Today in social studies classes even at a very young age we learn about the famous ruler Napoleon Bonaparte. He is worldly known for creating a huge empire basing of off France during the late 1700s and early 1800s. Napoleons Empire was dominant, prosperous, and controlled much of Europe. However his headstrong, persistent personality to acquire more land got him out of power and his empire ruined. Lastly due to his strong and rough ruling tactics when in control of the empire, he was exiled.
Simon de Montfort, brother-in-law to Henry III, who has been out of the king’s favor and in self imposed exile, returns to England to lead the barons in another revolt against the king in 1265. The Barons rise up against Henry III and fight Henrys forces, led by his son Prince Edward, at the battle of Lewes where Henry and Edward are defeated. The barons are now in control. Simon de Montfort calls a Parliament to broaden support and enforce the Provisions of Oxford. This is the first calling of “Parliament.” This is significant because the “Parliament is comprised of the Nobles and elected Knights of the Shire and Burgesses and they were a national body of representatives.
There are several reasons and causes for the wars, including growing religious tensions, weak monarchs, foreign intervention, the role of Catherine de Medici and the existence of weak Kings coupled with strong Nobles. These factors provided shaky foundations, which, when confronted with a collapsing economy, led to rebellion and civil war. One of the most important reasons for war in the second half of the century was the existence of weak kings. During the first half of the century, France was led by domineering Monarchs, who kept control with an authoritarian style. In addition, the wars only ended when a strong King returned to the Throne; Henry IV after the ninth war.