Moreover, it wasn’t just a commoners revolt as a variety of classes were involved such as some nobility like Lord Darcy and the Percy’s and also gentry and priests stood against parliament. As well as this, the revolt was strengthened with the rebels holding Pontefract Castle and York. This meant that the rebels had a defendable territory and if in case of battle, the Pilgrims were ready with their own grounds which would make it more difficult for Henry to defeat the rebels when they seemed to be considerably stronger than Henry himself- this was a serious threat indeed. What glued the pilgrimage of grace together were their rebel
Between the years 1547-1553 it can be argued that the main threat to the power and authority of the monarch was the actions of ambitious advisors, this is due to the fact that in this period Edward VI was king yet was a minor. This meant that it was necessary for there to be a regency who could run the day to day business of government whilst the king was coming of age. During Edward’s reign there were two men who had this job, the Duke of Somerset and the Duke of Northumberland, and it can be strongly argued that they both threatened the power and authority of the monarch. For example, Somerset created his own council, ruled by proclamation and had quasi-royal power whereas Northumberland attempted to change the line of succession and making his son king. This shows that these men can be considered as the main threat to the power and authority of the monarchy, however there are also other factors that threatened this ucg as the financial situation that England was in during this period, as well as the age and health of Edward and the actions he took during his reign.
There were many factors that aided the outbreak in 1455, however I believe that these factors were all results of Henry’s inadequacies as king, or could have been prevented if Henry was a more suitable ruler. There are long term causes that could have had an impact on war in 1455. We could blame the shift in power towards the nobility. Certainly in the early 14th century with rulers such as Edward II (who was murdered by nobles), this became prevalent. His successor Edward III managed to stabilize this relationship, by creating crusades in France, focusing their energies into conquests which began the 100 years wby w05anettletonar.
How accurate is it to say that the Yorkists kings restored authority in England in the years 1471-1485? Both Richard III and Edward IV, two of the Yorkist Kings between 1471 and 1485, went some way to restoring royal authority. However, their successes in restoring authority during their reigns were certainly limited. While Edward IV did remove much of the threat of the Lancastrians, he was unable to control the nobility which led to the usurpation of Edward V’s throne by Richard Duke of Gloucester in 1483. Moreover, Richard III was very good at politics, having a lavish court and is good at using propaganda, yet he is highly unpopular among both the people and the nobility; his reign only lasts two years before the throne is usurped by Henry Tudor.
In this essay i will explore the factors in the beginning of conflict in 1455 England. One key factor for the outbreak of conflict was the ambitions of Richard Duke of York, He wanted his heirs to be king and after Yorks protectorate somerset questioned Yorks loyalty to the king, Another factor is the influence Margaret of Anjou had on the weak minded king Henry VI, Convincing him that York was not to be trusted. In my opinion Yorks ambitions played a part in the conflict to a minor extent. Richard, Duke of York primarily wanted his heirs to be king, to ensure this in the early parts of his life he was not interested in taking the throne from the current king Henry VI but instead supported him and acted as lord protector, If his ambitions were important to him surely he could of fought sooner, Until Henry’s recovery in 1455 relations with the king and York were strong, Once the king recovered and had no need for York, he made Somerset Captain of Calais and Protector of the king, this may have felt like betrayal to york after being lord protector weeks before. This squashed Yorks ambitions to gain the throne for his heirs, After the announcement that the King and Somerset were to hold a council in leicester without the involvement of York and Warwick, York acted quickly to raise his army to intercept the Kings army.
During his reign Phillip II faced problems domestically. Phillip II was sometimes described as an absolute monarch but he faced many constitutional restraints on his power, the rise in power of the bureaucracy during his reign would challenge his power and authority, in response to this Phillip II would put those who he would benefit from politically in power, one of the first he would put to power was Gonzalo Perez who would die and be replaced by Antonio Perez. These would serve a assets at the time, and although they relations with them would eventually go awry, he gained powerful control over the nobles of Castile which would also lead to his crave of wanting grater control over the beauracracy that challenged his power, he seems to handle this issue swiftly and correctly. Domestically he would also face challenges financially, this reduced income to the thrown. Phillip would face many difficulties trying to raise taxes, but Spain would gain large income from the New World, and Philip would try to invest more money into exploration and oversea expedition in an attempt to spend money in order to make money, this would be futile and nonetheless with these attempts Spain would eventually
From 1485 to 1495 Henry attainted eight people who had committed crimes against the Crown. Thomas Howard was an example of this who lost the title of Duke of Norfolk and his family land after Bosworth. However the Acts of Attainder were reserved at times, he was reinstated as Earl of Surrey in 1489 to help calm an uprising in Northumberland. This gave Henry good control and power over any powerful nobles, being able to suppress them or use them to his advantage. Lastly his Kingship was strengthened through threats of magnates.
Charles failed to solve the major problem of neutralism and localism within the royalist army. If Charles army was not whole heartedly willing to fight for the king it was inevitable that the royalists would be overpowered by the parliamentarians, and especially so with the military reforms and the creation of the new model army Parliament set up the self-denying Ordinance; this was a very tactical move and elevated them in military strength above the royalists. The Ordinance removed the hierarchical nature of the parliamentarian army, (in
He holds power as a man of great intelligence and a devious nature, but his plans to destroy the government’s power are not to do it himself, but to empower the people of England to do it for themselves. Showing that the power was always in the people to remove their oppressors, had they just had the right push. Although this could of happened without V’s plotting, it is fair to say that the people of England, with the oppressed state they live in, would not of acted upon this “power in numbers” they possessed, a notion that the government had relied upon to keep their power. In contrast, we are never introduced to the way in which the government gained the power it holds over the people, but it is maintained through the people’s submissiveness and there willingness to simply go along with whatever the government tells them to do. This is shown in Exam Day by the dialogue, the parents of the boy seem semi-distraught yet they do nothing to stop it.
This allegiance derives the King's authority from his inheritance and the common knowledge that this is the way the political order in the country should be determined. Henry has substituted this for his own power and become king, not from any legitimate, traditional claim but simply because he has a military superiority over the legitimate king and the desire to get rid of Richard. The usurpation of Richard II leads to serious repercussions such as an uprising of Welsh supporters of the slain King against Henry IV. However, the play additionally investigates the theme of honor and the character development of Prince Hal. The following essay will detail how far "Henry IV Part One" is a play that explores the consequences and civil