As he was the king, he had thought that he had the power to make the Scots use English prayer books. The scots were so furious that they decided to fight Charles I instead. This also made him unpopular to the scots as well as the people of England. When the scots had defeated him Charles had to pay lots of tax money which he couldn’t afford. So, Charles had to recall parliament, as only tax voted by parliament got rid of the scots.
Many criticised him for his personality, saying it overpowered his ability to think critically as a leader should, and lacked the education in subjects like economy. This was because he was raised as a soldier. Alexander had always disagreed about the way his father ruled the country, about Russian nationalities, and how he wanted more severe actions taken against political groups like The Peoples Will. He wanted the country to have an aggressive military, which could be accounted to his military background. He made it clear that when he became Tsar he would undo all the reform his father had set about bringing.
Because he did this without parliaments approval parliament got angry. In the beginning the people used to pay at least 97.6% of ship money but by the time it was 1639 no one really cared and only 20% paid. A man called John Hampden stood up to the king and refused to pay ship money, Hampden was put on a trial and found guilty. But everyone else thought he was a hero. In 1637 the Scottish were told by Charles they had to use a new prayer book for their church but the Scottish didn't want to and got angry so they decided to rebel against him.
Was Henry VIII a Good or Bad King? Historians have different perspectives about Henry VIII. Some say he was a good king, who did a lot of memorable things like creating an army to keep England safe. However Henry was also called bad, because of him being an autocrat, malevolent and destructive king of England. When Henry wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon (his first wife), the pope wouldn’t allow it, because Catholics don’t allow Divorce, so he declared himself the new supreme head of a new Church of England and became a protestant.
The long term causes for the civil war were: Charles belief in the divine right of kings, Archbishop Laud’s reforms to the Church of England, money problems and the rise of parliament and Charles’ attempt to rule without parliament. The short term causes were the grand remonstrance, the Irish rebellion, Charles attempt to arrest 5 MPs and parliament’s attempt to take control over the army. Although both long term and short term causes can be split up into three different groups: political, economic and religious. The definition of a civil war is: A war between citizens and a leader of the same country. Although Charles did many bad and dangerous acts, it wasn’t only Charles fault the civil war started.
In 1646, Charles’ hopes of winning the civil war were beyond bleak following the crushing defeating at the battle of Naseby. Curiously however, the majority of the population wanted the reinstatement of Charles. Rule by Parliament’s ruthless County Committees were arguably worse than that endured during Charles’ Personal Rule. After four years of ‘a war without an enemy’ people sought the peace and stability associated with the monarch figurehead: Charles. Additionally, suspicions had risen of radical parliamentarians and the people were reliant on Charles’ return to stop this.
There were many problems related to his views on monarchy parliament. Parliament disliked the marriage of Charles and French Catholic princess Henrietta Maria. They also didn’t trust Charles’s main adviser, Buckingham. In 1626 Parliament tried to punish him and hence Charles sent two Mps to prison. From 1629 Charles 1 ruled without parliament which brought loads of problems.
And being a strong believer in the Divine Right of Kings, Charles didn’t realize the body's authority and offered absolutely no defense. A tribunal voted 68 to 67 against him and Charles I was beheaded on 30 January 1649 at the banqueting house in Whitehall. There were many reasons for Charles I’s beheading but I think a huge contributor to this event was the religious differences. He decided to marry a Catholic women, Henrietta Maria of France. They worried that the Princess might have had an influence on her husband and perhaps get him to change his religion to Catholic and because she was catholic and at the time England was protestant she also came from a family that believed in complete and utter monarchy.
The King tried to force men to give up their rights to make laws. The King also called men together to make laws in the most inconvenient times and places, so they won't be able to go discuss the new laws. He made them pay all kinds of taxes without asking them about it. The declaration was the way colonist expressed that they wanted to be free from the King and of England. Some of the laws the king made were unfair and unconventional.
Mary I undoubtedly grew colder and stricter as she grew older and she clearly dealt harshly with rebellions that questioned her rule and her desire to change England to once again being aligned with the Roman Catholic Church. This was evidenced in the way that many of the rebels who took part in the Wyatt rebellion were executed mercilessly. Mary I’s marriage to Philip of Spain, a man whom she clearly loved but who did not love her in return also shaped Mary’s rule. Philip’s many affairs drove Mary, in her loneliness, to become even more extreme in her religious fervor. Her inability to bear a child also made Mary more desperate, as without a child she could not ensure the future of England as a Catholic country and she could not make her husband love her.