England lost. Money is another reason Charles I was having problems with Parliament. On the coast people had to pay something called ship taxes for the country to build ships etc for war. But Charles was short for money. He introduced this tax to the whole country and misused it by not using it for ship money.
England’s monarchy in the early seventeenth century boasted multiple problems. Kings sought to rule independently and did not want to ration their power to the nobles in Parliament. Due to the large amount of debt left behind from Elizabeth I’s rule, some English kings created new taxes or found new means by which to raise revenue without consulting Parliament. England notably started to decline beginning with the rule of James I. Succeeding James I was Charles I, and his policies propelled England to civil war.
England for a long time had been told to hate Catholics and when James came from Scotland and became king he decided to marry Henrietta Maria, a Catholic, the people became unhappy because they did not know if their heir would be Protestant or Catholic. In 1625 England became involved in expensive foreign wars - with the Austrian Empire then in 1627 a war against France. This meant that Charles was very short of money and so he forced rich people to lend it to him. In 1628 Charles asked Parliament to let him raise custom duties on wines and many other goods. The MPs were not happy with the forced loans and foreign wars so they presented Charles with the Petition of Rights which was just parliament saying that Charles cannot raise custom duties without parliaments permission.
After the war, Great Britain was in a large enough debt that it was able to destroy the English government. This affected political and economic relations between the colonies and Great Britain. The British had ideals that set them apart from the English colonies. Despite the two of them working together against the French opposition, the ways the British treated and behaved around the colonists in British North America convinced them that they would be put entirely under the rule of the English crown and one day become enslaved. The British forgot about the role that the American troops had in the war.
Although finance played a significant role in the deterioration of the relationship between Crown and Parliament, it was not the lone reason, due to the fact that there were other more important factors including foreign policy and Buckingham which caused the collapse in the relationship between Crown and Parliament. Firstly, finance was a critical factor in the breakdown in the relationship. For example, the Forced Loan caused a great amount of tension between Crown and Parliament and therefore, worsened relations. It worsened relations because Charles enforced illegal taxations on his subjects without any form of consent from Parliament. He required that his subjects “loan him the equivalent of five subsidies” and although it was “opposed by significant numbers in the localities,” the taxation still occurred as the government had “employed all its powers to eliminate resistance”.
In 1213 he collected so much money from taxes that half of all the coins in England were his to spend. By doing this he aggravated the Barons, good Kings consult their Barons when handling big decisions but John didn’t. The facts suggest that the Barons got irritated when John didn’t consult them when important matters were being discussed; this was another long term cause of the rebellion. Another long term cause for the rebellion was the disagreement over the church. In 1205 John was in discrepancy with the Pope over who ought to be the new Archbishop of Canterbury, just like his father had done, John refused to let Stephen Langton, the Pope’s choice, become the
The English Civil War lasted from 1642 to 1649. The war was a result of a split between King Charles I and Parliament. Neither side was willing to back down over the principles that they held and civil war was the only way this disagreement could be solved. The country split into those who supported the king and those who supported Parliament – the classic ingredients for a civil war. It has been argued that Charles I was the main reason that war broke out.
Charles got off to a bad start. He broke away from Parliament to rule without them. Now that Charles did not have a Parliament, he had to find new ways to raise money. One method he used was ‘Ship Money’. This was a tax to improve the navy in times of war.
The Stamp Act required that all paper products had to have an English stamp on them. The stamping was viewed as repressive by the Colonists and some people that issued the stamps resigned their jobs. The phrase “No taxation without representation” was said to have started around this time. The Colonists felt like college students who had been out of the house and were now being told everything little thing to do by their parents. The Colonists thought if they complained loudly enough that Parliament would get rid of the taxes.
The Parliament that assembled 3 November 1640 was fundamentally hostile to Charles I. Candidates associated with the court had been defeated, and almost everyone elected was aggrieved at some aspect of Charles' policies. Parliament had been assembled only because Charles needed money to pay the Scots army. To ensure that it was not dissolved as soon as the Scots army disbanded, Parliament forced Charles to sign an Act (10 May 1641) agreeing that this Parliament would not be dissolved without its own consent. The threat of the Scottish army was also used to persuade the King to consent to the Triennial Act (15 February 1641).