England for a long time had been told to hate Catholics and when James came from Scotland and became king he decided to marry Henrietta Maria, a Catholic, the people became unhappy because they did not know if their heir would be Protestant or Catholic. In 1625 England became involved in expensive foreign wars - with the Austrian Empire then in 1627 a war against France. This meant that Charles was very short of money and so he forced rich people to lend it to him. In 1628 Charles asked Parliament to let him raise custom duties on wines and many other goods. The MPs were not happy with the forced loans and foreign wars so they presented Charles with the Petition of Rights which was just parliament saying that Charles cannot raise custom duties without parliaments permission.
England lost. Money is another reason Charles I was having problems with Parliament. On the coast people had to pay something called ship taxes for the country to build ships etc for war. But Charles was short for money. He introduced this tax to the whole country and misused it by not using it for ship money.
This was a tax to improve the navy in times of war. It was usually paid only by countries on the coast and only in wartime. But in 1635 and 1636 Charles demanded Ship Money from all countries even though no war took place (yet). People who refused to pay were arrested. There were no more sources to receive money from.
The Parliament that assembled 3 November 1640 was fundamentally hostile to Charles I. Candidates associated with the court had been defeated, and almost everyone elected was aggrieved at some aspect of Charles' policies. Parliament had been assembled only because Charles needed money to pay the Scots army. To ensure that it was not dissolved as soon as the Scots army disbanded, Parliament forced Charles to sign an Act (10 May 1641) agreeing that this Parliament would not be dissolved without its own consent. The threat of the Scottish army was also used to persuade the King to consent to the Triennial Act (15 February 1641).
His father put a lot of preasure on George and wanted him to be afraid of him as he was a afraid of his father. After the father dies, David is next in line for king, but he declined the position as the woman he wanted to marry had been divorced and a king is not allowed to marry a divorced woman, so he declined the position as king to marry her. After David, George was next and so he became king. World War 2 breaks out and King George is expected to make a very important speech out to the whole of England, it is his first as king so there is a lot of pressure. It is hard for him at first, but he gets through with the help of Lionel and everyone is there to congratulate him
He married a Catholic: Henrietta Maria. This caused great uproar amongst his people and Parliament. Parliament tried to stop him marrying a Roman Catholic in fear of Catholicism gradually seeping back into the country. Since the reign of Elizabeth, the country had been strictly Protestant. In 22 years, this was the first major sign of religious trouble.
He created the New Model Army. He taught them how to fight, gave them strategies against the enemy etc. During the English Civil War Cromwell had heard terrible stories from Protestants in Ireland. He heard that Catholics committed terrible crimes such as cutting off people's hands and feet and beating women's brains with poles. There were many stories alike.
learning to read and write in Latin and his native German. This was before the widespread availability of books, therefore peasants could not actually read the Bible, so the clergy were their only source of Scripture. Luther saw firsthand the corruption of the Church, and came to believe it was his restlessly duty to protest. Luther was prosecuted for his stance, however he famously used Scripture to defend himself, and this started the revolution now known as the Reformation. As the ideas spread, peasants began to see for themselves just how corrupt the Church was, and how they were being oppressed from their own religion.
Enlightenment Agenda: George Washington Point of View The English Civil War was caused majorly by religion and Parliament’s wish to have more power over the monarch. It was a conflict between Charles I supporters, the Royalists or Cavaliers, and Roundheads, also known as the Parliamentarians, who were worried that Catholicism in any form would appear in the government. Another factor that lead to the English Civil War was the reigning king Charles I lack of money. Charles I lack of money and his lack of interest in Parliament when making laws angered the people. The result of the war led to King Charles I being beheaded.
The Tsar implemented the October Manifesto which made lots of promises to the people. A new government or Duma was elected initially by the people however, after presenting the Tsar with a series of demands at their first meeting, he rejected all the proposals and shut it down, which he did three times. The Duma initially calmed the protesting public but it didn’t take long for them to realise that the Duma actually got no say in policy or legislation and how the country was run. On the other hand the Tsarist regime chose not to deal with the problems faced by the industrial workers. These ‘urban peasants’ were having to work fourteen hours a day, six days a week in horrendous factory conditions for a very low pay.