How Successfully Did the Tsarist Regime Deal with the Difficulties of Ruling Russia Between 1906 and 1914? Essay

351 WordsNov 3, 20142 Pages
In this essay I will explain how the Tsar kept control in Russia and dealt with some problems and did not deal with others. In 1906 all the agricultural land was owned communally but harsh winters, slow production and old fashioned techniques had lead to starving peasants who grew crops only to feed themselves. At the same time the skilled workforce in cities had to rely on grain that had been imported from other countries. The Tsarist regime had to deal with these issues because it could not lose the support of the peasants and the workers. Nicholas II put Prime Minister Stolypin’s land reforms into place. This was new legislation allowed peasants to own and lease land individually. The idea behind this was to encourage industrious peasants to produce more, develop farming techniques and sell any extra crops back to the government to feed the industrial workforce. Another issue the Tsarist regime tried to deal with was to stop the protesting people and the anger of the nation. The Tsar implemented the October Manifesto which made lots of promises to the people. A new government or Duma was elected initially by the people however, after presenting the Tsar with a series of demands at their first meeting, he rejected all the proposals and shut it down, which he did three times. The Duma initially calmed the protesting public but it didn’t take long for them to realise that the Duma actually got no say in policy or legislation and how the country was run. On the other hand the Tsarist regime chose not to deal with the problems faced by the industrial workers. These ‘urban peasants’ were having to work fourteen hours a day, six days a week in horrendous factory conditions for a very low pay. Most of them had to live in filthy dormitories and at the same time had to grow their own food. They became more and more frustrated, as the Tsar
Open Document