Gke1 Task 4

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GKE1 Task 4: Science and Technology as Engines of Economic Growth and Development Part A The First Industrial Revolution changed history dramatically. During this time we saw manual labor or working by hands transition to machinery. This led people to leave their farms to work in factories where mass production was being made (Annenberg 2013). During this time the production of steam power was invented. Steam trains and train tracks were being built to expand access across the United States. We also saw the production and use of steam boats which were used to transport people and products across the county which had vastly changed from the horse and buggy days (Annenberg 2013). The two most significant social consequences of this time were living conditions and labor laws. The living conditions were poor. Most people who worked in the factories lived in the factories which had little living space, lack of proper ventilation and lack of proper hygiene (Wikipedia). Due to the poor living conditions and overcrowding people were subject to health issues and death related from communicable diseases. Along with the poor living conditions, hunger and malnutrition were common during this time. Labor laws did not exist. Workers worked long hours without breaks and children were also subjected to these cruel working conditions as they were often put to work alongside their parents. Along with working long hours, there were no safety rules, the people were prone to accidents from the poor working conditions and machinery. Many workers lost limbs, or sustained life altering injuries due to these working conditions (Wikipedia). Part B According to merriam-webster dictionary, Capitalism is an economic system of private or corporate ownership of capital goods, by investments that are determined by private decision, and by prices, production, and the
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