Baby will reach to grab objects and those objects start to go in their mouths. By the time they are a year old, a child will sit unaided, will start to crawl or shuffle and will be able to stand with support. Baby will raise his arms to be lifted and respond to his name. Hand to eye co-ordination improves and baby now looks for hidden objects, reaches for food and passes objects from hand to hand. From 1 to 2 years, baby will start walking and toys will usually be pushed or pulled along as an aid.
Outcome 1.1 Age | Physical | Communication and intellectual | Social, emotional and behavioural | NewbornBy three months | When sitting head will fall forwards and the posture is more unfurled, Gazes attentively at faces, particularly when being fed or talked to. By three months babies will be far more alert and can turn side to back, lift head and chest from the floor, arms and can be waved and brought together. The baby will engage in hand and finger play, can hold objects such as a rattle briefly before dropping. | The whole process of communication is through sounds and crying, they will also start to communicate through physical closeness. The baby will begin to coo and gurgle in response to interaction from carer.
They will start to roll over and may begin to start to crawl. They will be able to stand with support from either parents or with the help of furniture. From about 8 months they will be able to put objects into containers and take them out again. The need for play and exercise increases either in the bath or with soft toys and board books. 9-18 months.
Infants are completely dependant on their parents to do most things for them physically such as wash, feed, change nappy, dress etc. As individuals develop into childhood they still need physical needs such as support going to the toilet, food cooked for them, clothes bought for them, but they physically manage to learn and do most physical things an infant cant. Emotional needs required for a baby would be that they become distressed and need bonding from their parents; this is how they start to intellectually learn different use of emotions. When a toddler becomes emotional they still receive the attention they need from their carer, but the difference is the toddler is able to communicate and let their parents no why they are upset, angry etc. Infant’s social development needs are met by new people throughout the family, this way they build bonds and relationships with close relatives.
Unit 2 – Development from conception to age 16 years E1 Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in TWO (2) areas of development 0-1 years: Intellectual development: New-borns make eye contact and cry to indicate their needs they use this as a survival technique as they learn that when they cry adults will care for them. They’ll turn to sounds, and become comforted by a human voice and are programmed to look at human faces. They’ll also imitate other people’s facial expressions and actions. This helps them learn, imitation is the best learning strategy for a baby http://ilabs.washington.edu/meltzoff/pdf/99Meltzoff_BornToLearn.pdf 05/03/14 states: “Imitation is a powerful form of learning commonly used by children, adults and infants. A child's enthusiasm for imitative behaviour prompts parental attention and interaction, and provides a mechanism for transmitting appropriate cultural and social behaviour”.
Oral fixation theory is known to stimulate the need for a child to suck, eat, drink, chew, bite or ramble excessively. A baby’s hands are prone to a grasping position months after birth. A baby also forces that hand motion towards their mouths. They use this as aid of familiarity. They receive sensation when their sensory system detects stimuli.
CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT: 1.1 Birth-1- PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: This is a fast development period for babies. Babies are quick to learn the sucking motion and they need it to feed at this early age which results in there physical development for weight and height. There reflexes are vital at this age as they need to survive. As they get a little older they become stronger and are able to begin lifting their heads, rolling over and in some cases crawling aswell. "Baby talk" may also come into affect.
THE EXPECTED PATTERN OF DEVELOPMENT FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE FROM BIRTH TO 19 YEARS. Age 0-1 Physical development When a baby is born they have reflexes for swallowing and sucking. By one month they can be soothed by their mother’s voice and will try to focus on her face. At three months they should be able to lift and turn their head and at 6 months will enjoy playing and reaching out for toys. Communicative development A baby will cry when hungry right from day one.
At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc. Between 1 and 2 years Walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy trying to feed themselves with finger foods.
The same is said for the development of emotional and social expectations for a child. Unlike physical development milestones, social, emotional and behavior development has much harder to observe. New skill such as self-awareness can be tough to spot, and others can be difficult or even impossible to see directly, this is mainly due to the child entering a school environment then these social and emotional skills become more important. The first three months from birth, babies are learning about themselves and every person around them. They start looking at their own hands and feet, sucking on their fingers, this also helps them to understand how the legs and arms are attached to the babies body.