Child and Young Person Development Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. |Age (years) |Physical Development |Communication and intellectual development |Social, emotional and behavioural development| |0 – 3 |If the baby is pulled to sitting position, |The baby responds to sounds, especially familiar |A baby’s first smile in definite response to | | |the head will lag, the back curves over and |sounds. |carer is usually around 5-6 weeks. | | |the head falls. |The baby shows excitement at sound of approaching |The baby turns to regard nearby speaker’s | | |The baby turns its head towards the light and|footsteps or voices.
In a babies second year a babies physical development will continue and develop quickly. They will start to develop fine motor skills such as being able to hold small objects, dressing and undressing and will also enjoy climbing. Most babies at this stage will be walking. In their third year when they are toddlers they will be running and walking with more confidence, enjoy looking at books and feeding themselves. Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born.
STAGES OF INFANT DEVELOPMENT IN THE FIRST TWO YEARS By: Lana Sakic Metropolitan Community College DISCUSSION: The healthy development of an infant is crucial in order for children to grow into healthy adults. I will focus on discussing the physical, social and emotional, and intellectual development of an infant between the ages of birth to two years. In their first two years, children will develop their gross motor skills, such as crawling and walking and fine motor skills, like holding a fork and picking up small objects with their thumb and finger. They will adapt to and develop their senses of sight and hearing and will learn to differentiate through taste, smell and touch. Also during this period, the child will make great strides in language and social skills (Lockman, 2009, p.6).
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Research has shown that the sing-song speech, often accompanied by exaggerated facial expressions is loved by babies, (Rai & Flynn, p27). This ‘parentese’ language, which introduces infants to patterns in language helps them to develop it, and also promotes the start of developing a relationship. Adults have to provide for and give constant love and attention to the child. In the case studies this was identified to be ‘..paying close attention to them, doing things together, comforting when scared, praising and watching fondly, playing games and laughing together’, (Rai & Flynn, 2004, p48). All of these actions enable an adult to form a secure relationship with the child by showing them that the adult is ‘in-tune’ with them and is responsive to their needs.
Interacting and playing with the child will teach them new emotions and help learn how to explore themselves and learn new things on their own. (MDE) Working with the baby to begin walking is important, starting at birth. This includes helping the child gain strong back muscles. Working with the baby from day one will increase the speed of development and keep the baby healthy. (MDE) Once the baby is four to six months old, the parents should start seeing growth in physical, social, emotional, and intellectual development.
Supportive relationships will ensure children explore their environment safely with interest and enjoyment. • Move from cot to bed - a child may feel insecure with new sleeping arrangements, may have disturbed sleep patterns, wake more or less frequently, be happier or more withdrawn / tired / aggressive / upset at leaving parents
Within the early months a child will make eye contact and be able to turn their head to the smell of their mothers breasts, they will listen to voices, develop co-ordination, they enjoy colourful and shiny objects they should also be able to play simple games such as peek-a-boo. By age two a child will be amusing themselves with “pretend” play and favourite toys they have, by age three their concentration grows and they are able to control pencils and paintbrushes, at age four their memory will develop quickly, and should be able to build things with
Infants get pleasure out of discovering things through putting them in their mouth and as they start to get older they become more aware of things they can suck on and things they can’t, just as things they should hold on to and things they shouldn’t. As infants begin to develop more and get their hands on more things they will learn that some object make noise and thy will discover how to get the objects to make noise; therefor incorporating another one of their 5 main senses, hearing. Noises will also give them pleasure just like sucking on things and they will start to show more outward motions such as smiles and giggles to let parents and adults know how
| 16-19 years | The body is being shaped and defined at a quick rate. | Physical Development Understanding Child and Young Person Development Intellectual and Cognitive Development Age Range | Sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | Can recognise the sound of their mother voice, will start to stop crying when hearing her voice. | 3-6 months | At this stage children and young people are learning more about the things going on around them, such as mobile and toys. | 6-9 months | Are more aware of what’s going on around them, Will be exploring things with their things with their fingers and mouth. | 9-12 months | At this stage more and more things will be going into their mouth as they begin to explore everything they can get their hands on.