Now just like in the first war Sparta couldn’t do it alone; so they asked the Persians to help conquer Athens. They asked their own enemy for help. This truly was a good example of history repeating itself. Mainly because Spartans defeated the Persians on land and Athenians defeated them in the sea. This time Spartans defeated the Athenians on land and the Persians defeated the Athenians in the sea.
Tensions between the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League eventually led to the Peloponnesian war. Thucydides believed that Sparta was afraid of the growing power of Athens, which had essentially resulted in the creation of an Athenian empire. Sparta felt that Athens was meddling in their business, and Athens would not agree to avoid interference. After twenty-seven years of war, and the participation in one way or another of many of the city-states belonging to the two leagues, both Sparta and Athens were in ruins. Sparta claimed the victory, and the city-states continued their bickering and fighting.
ESSAY- Explain how the delian league transformed into the Athenian empire- Plan- intro growing Athenian power in the delian league campaigns to Persia revolts Oath of Challis- combined military and legal system building program no conclusion- Initially there was much goodwill and support towards Athens as she offered hope of liberation from Persia to the cities of Ionia and protection for the islands. However this goodwill declined. After the defeat of Persia at the battle of Eurymedon River, the fear of Persia receded. This made Athens increasingly domineering policies appear imperialistic in intent. The Athenian ownership of the Delos treasury, suppression of revolts as well as the challis decree marks the transformation of the delian league into the Athenian empire.
This motion however was interrupted by the battle and was completed after Persian defeat at Plataea in 479 BC. This marks the initiation of Themistocles push towards a naval focus. The naval war between Athens and Aegina was quite significant for
The Greek empire began with consolidation of Macedonia and the Greek city-states to fight the Persians in war by Phillip II. Alexander the great then took power and led the armies through Persia and assumed the throne. He then did not return to Greece he marched his armies east to the Indian Ocean and conquered most of the known world. Alexander did realize that he alone could not control all of his newly acquired territories alone. He received the alliance of the foreign countries by allowing them to continue their customs and traditions.
Despite many periods of financial and military crisis where the empire faced threats from all sides, it always managed to come through, often due to the Emperor’s advisors. One of the talented generals during Justinian’s reign was Belisarius. The general was with Justinian for much of his reign and had many victories against larger enemies. The reconquest of North Africa and Italy helped solidify Justinian’s legacy as a great ruler. Having these two areas under its control meant that the Mediterranean was once again a Roman sea, and the trade that was now available to the empire would greatly increase its revenue.
These people are called humanist. Many people believe that Ancient Greece is just famous for the movie “Hercules” and those columns on the White House. The truth is, that if the Ancient Greeks didn’t accomplish as much as they had, then life today would be drastically altered. The Greeks are a huge part of our culture, customs, and government. The Ancient Greeks are the most significant to western culture because of its creation of different types of government, ideas on philosophy, and the impact of Hellenistic culture.
Essays xix. The Peloponnesian War started when Megara and Thebes was forced into the Confederacy of Delos. They then decided to revolt with the help of Sparta, but that ended a decisive victory for Sparta and a peace treaty with Athens. Athens chose to break the deal and they went after Potidaea, but that ended up as a draw. Pericles was a very strategic leader and they decided to start another war by going to the source, Sparta.
By 546 BCE, Cyrus had defeated Croesus, the Lydian king of fabled wealth, and had secured control of the Aegean coast of Asia Minor, Armenia, and the Greek colonies along the Levant” the leader after that was Cambyses who was Cyrus son. Cambyses II, conquered Egypt but later he died in July, 522 BCE”.Cambyses either died by a priest trying to kill him or people revolting against him there is no clear answer at that time period Egypt was a very big part of the civilized world. The Persians conquering them tell us that the Persians were more superior then the Egyptians. This evidence helps us figure out are thesis statement and that the Persians were more
It is apparent on how the Ancient Athenians executed Socrates after the series of attempts of his followers to destroy Democracy. It is also a Democracy of the Sword because of the Ancient Athenians view war as a necessity to protect Democracy, which they claim to be the model government for other Greek City-States to follow but eventually these wars destroyed Democracy. The Democracy of the United States of America during the 20th century, as I see it, is a Democracy of principles in a sense that Ideologies are dominant in the United States. There are four dominant Ideologies namely: liberal, conservative, libertarian and populist. I tend to think that the United States view the world as a political area and it is just a mere battle of principles of state governance.