The massive expansions made it so that Darius I’s empire was the largest the world has ever seen. The Romans expanded their empire much during the Punic Wars. In the First Punic War, Rome annexes Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica. Rome conquers Spain, Macedonia, and Greek in the Second Punic War, and Egypt becomes a protectorate of Rome after the war. Paranoid of the constant rivalry with Carthage, Rome sieges it during the Third Punic War.
Spartan military king who bravely led a small force of Greeks (the famous 300) against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae. During this battle, 480 B.C., the 300 small Greek army lead by Leonidas himself fought hard and delayed the Persians from pushing forward for a while. The small Greek army would decrease the size of the Persian army and hold them off until Persians found a route to outflank the Greek army. King Leonidas realizing this, commanded his army to retreat and him and a handful of loyal soldiers that wanted to stay with him willingly fought the Persian army. The number of Greeks left was around 300 all of which fell including Leonidas.
Prior to becoming king, Darius placed Xerxes in the position of satrap of Babylon for 12 years from him to gain experience in a position of power and authority. Also in 498 a palace was built for the kings’ son in Babylon. The invasion of Greece, planned by his father, was put on hold because he faced a rebellion in Egypt in 486bc. Xerxes led the campaign against Egypt and ‘decisively crushed them’ (Herodotus) and reduced the Egyptians to abject slavery and placed the country once again firmly under Persian control. Unlike, his father, who made
Between 1100 to 1600 C.E. cities played the role of maintaining social and cultural structure with a greater power in charged that provided a booming success with the economy. During 1100 to 1600 C.E. it was very common for the western and eastern hemispheres of the world to have someone in charge of a city to take care of the civilians. Sometimes these cities were even under monarchy that helped the economy greatly with vendors selling rare gems and gold outside of their castle gates.
Alexander assumed throne during the rising of Greece, and its expanding culture. When he became king the Persian Empire was already weakening, and the Greeks had become Persian soldiers, traders and doctors. Alexander also had personal trainer (Phillip of Macedon) who helped him set the base of his foundation as king. Phillip habituated
WHAP P.E.R.S.I.A.N. CHART Political: Pericles was the most popular Athenian leader. Under his leadership Athens became more sophisticated. Pericles even boasted that Athens was the “Education of Greece”. Population growth and economic development caused political and social strain but the Athens relived tensions by establishing a government based on democratic principles.
ESSAY- Explain how the delian league transformed into the Athenian empire- Plan- intro growing Athenian power in the delian league campaigns to Persia revolts Oath of Challis- combined military and legal system building program no conclusion- Initially there was much goodwill and support towards Athens as she offered hope of liberation from Persia to the cities of Ionia and protection for the islands. However this goodwill declined. After the defeat of Persia at the battle of Eurymedon River, the fear of Persia receded. This made Athens increasingly domineering policies appear imperialistic in intent. The Athenian ownership of the Delos treasury, suppression of revolts as well as the challis decree marks the transformation of the delian league into the Athenian empire.
Before Akhenaten’s monotheistic modification to Egyptian society, the country was at its height during the 18th dynasty. Polytheism, the worship of thousands of gods, was the basis for religion, the Temple of Amun at Karnak was the largest in Egypt, the pharaoh himself was seen to be a god-king, the priests were correspondingly very rich and Egyptian art and architecture was very standardised. Akhenaten came to be regarded as the ‘heretic pharaoh,’ since he broke with a long established religious tradition and created one of his own. The pharaoh declared all of the other gods as ‘false’ and placed an extreme emphasis on the sun-disk Aten due to the belief that the god was the universal creator of all life. Its visible symbol was the rays of the sun that of which was reflected throughout
In 1793, Napoleon was able to drive out a British fleet from the French port of Toulon. In addition in 1795, he was able to crush a disturbance in the city of Paris. By 1796, He became the Commander of the French military in Italy, after being promoted several times because of his outstanding military accomplishments. Napoleon's success continued throughout the Mediterranean. This is evident when he conquered Egypt controlled by the Turkish, then finally defeated the Turks in 1799 (Moore).
Denise Sanders Management 4424 November 4, 2013 Section 476 “MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND FAILURES” Alexander accomplished a great deal during his lifetime. One of those accomplishments was becoming the ruler of Macedonia after the death of his father in 336 B.C. In 334 BC, Alexander defeated the Persian king Darius 3rd army near the Grancius River. In 333 BC, Alexander once again defeated the Persian Army even though his army was outnumber he used military strategies to create formations that ultimately gave him the advantage that ultimately win the war. Alexander declared himself King of Persia after capturing Darius the 3rd and making him a fugitive.