As you read this essay you’ll find that people gained alot from renaissance than protestant reformation. Renaissance was a time for learning and also many people put their interests in art and literature. Renaissance and protestant reformation was very important part of the western history. Renaissance was really important turning point in western thinking and cultural traditions. Protestant reformation was a spiritual/ religion revelation that aimed to correct the problem of the Catholic Church/ pope.
Do you agree with the view that the decisive influence in shaping the reformation of the 1530’s was Thomas Cromwell’s Idea of the Nation State? The reformation of the English Church and the break with Rome are arguably the most poignant moments in the Henry VIII’s rule. It marked the start of the nation state, and the Church of England. Although Henry played a vital role in the reformation there were others around him who also contributed towards it, and shaped it into what it became. Namely Cromwell and Cranmer played important roles, and overall I agree with the view that the decisive influence in shaping the reformation was Thomas Cromwell due to his closeness to the king and willingness to entirely devote his time and resources into the reformation.
lightenmentValerie Payne 8/27/12 Per. 1 B The Age of Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was a movement that happened in Western Europe during the late seventeenth century and early eighteenth century. Its main purpose was to understand the world in a new way that wasn’t focused around religion like it previously had been. This movement allowed people to ask questions about thing that the church had told them were sinful to think about. The recent scientific advancement of the time gave the public a sense of an answer for their “taboo” questions.
Henry VIII vs. John Calvin in the Protestant Reformation In the sixteenth century, stood the reformation of the Catholic Church in Western Europe. While the main focus was an internal renovation of the church, the outcome was much different than expected; the reformation led to a revolt against and an abandonment of principal Christian belief. The difference in the view and act of oneself was different from individual to individual during the reformation. While Calvin left for Geneva in 1536 from France because of the fear of persecution for the publically spread beliefs of his about the Church to the people, Henry VIII had manipulated the church for a way to receive a new wife in hopes for his first son. Different motivation stands for each of these people in what they did for the reformation.
In some cases the Church didn’t live up to their prestige and was forced to reform, like at the Council of Trent. The harsh inquisitions of this time would also put a dark shadow over the operations of the Church. In the 1500’s The Roman Catholic Church
Others suggest that the opposition from Austria was more important, or that the German Princes' fear of losing power played a vital part. Religion was an obstacle to German unification, but only to a certain degree. The Northern German states were predominately protestant. Whereas the south were Roman Catholic. This did pose a problem for the growth of nationalism as the Northern states looked to Prussian for support, as she was the protestant superpower amongst the German states.
Humanism in the Italian Renaissance concentrated on the individual and the individual’s wants and interests. This was a big change from the middle ages. When the reformation rolled around it changed this. The reformation rejected the secular spirit of the Italian Renaissance by shifting the focus from humanism back onto God. This change was greatly helped by the emergence of the Protestant Church, the Catholic’s Society of Jesus and rulers trying to create religious uniformity.
In addition the colonist placed a strong emphasis on education, as evidenced by the 1647 Massachusetts ‘Old Deluder Satan Law’ which mandated that if a town exceeded a certain threshold of families it must start a school. Interestingly enough, their own experience with religious persecution in England did not necessarily make them tolerant of other religions, as evidenced by the events that led up to the Half-Way Covenant and the Salem witch trials. Roger Williams, however, founded Rhode Island with the express purpose of religious tolerance (Doc A), and thus this colony was socially different than other New England colonies due to the different motives of its colonists. The Chesapeake
Charlemagne saw that the Latin in western Europe was becoming vulgar and he thought the people wouldn’t be able to communicate with other parts of Europe. So he created schools known as the Charter of Modern Thought that was a program of reform to attract the scholars of Christiandom. Charlemagne’s lead scholar was Alcuin of York who was a Northumbrian monk and a deacon who was the head of the Palace school. Alcuin came into the Carolingian Renaissance and led the effort for the creation of a standardized curriculum for the newly created schools by Charlemagne. Alcuin wrote the textbooks, word lists, and established the trivium and quadrivium as a basis for the new education.
Feudalism, or a class system that regulates relationships among classes of people, was furthered by the Church and helped mold daily life. Other reasons why the Middle Ages can be labeled as the Age of Faith include the various reform movements initiated and roles the pope played. The era between 500 and 1400 in Western Europe, or the Middle Ages, can be labeled the Age of Faith because of the Church’s influence in unification throughout Western Europe, daily life, and politics. Although the Church didn’t come into its full potential for power until about the eleventh century, the Catholic Church did have a lot of influence in uniting Western Europe. Right after the Roman Empire fell, many Germanic tribes went to war with each other and carved Western Europe into small kingdoms.