Religion was the real reason that colonization began, with out it, the colonies all over the world would not have ever came to be. The fourteenth century was when factors that would eventually lead to the start of colonization began. The followers of John Wycliffe, also known as Lollards, had pushed their ideas of religious power on the religious community: both the bible and religion had ultimate power over everything (Reformation 4). Martin Luther was one of the first men to openly go against the Lollards ideas. He believed that the Catholic church was corrupt for selling indulgences as penance for sins in that the sale was a way for the Church to exploit the unfortunate and poor (Reformation 5).
The series of wars between the European Christians and the Muslims, which was called the crusades, made Europe more aware about art, math, technology, etc…. The period that followed the crusades was called the renaissance, which was a period o cultural and technological innovation. This was a huge difference from the previous which was called the dark ages because there was almost no cultural or technological innovation. Another change that occurred during this time was the protestant reformation. Martin Luther started this reformation by posting his 95 thesis to the door of the church.
TO WHAT EXTENT WOULD YOU ARGUE THAT THE REFORMATION WAS ADIRECT OUTCOME OF THE RENAISSANCE? GROUP 9 Renaissance is a very strong movement that awakened Europe to a new interest in literature, art, science and the change from medieval to modern aims and methods of thought. At the dawn of renaissance the people’s attitudes, thinking and actions were no longer influenced by the church. This led to the uncontrollable behaviour which prompted some church leaders and humanists to advocate for the reforms. This write up is an assessment of whether the reformation was a direct outcome of renaissance in Europe.
Northern European Literature focused more on the Catholic Church and how to reform the Church’s humanity. Even though they both wanted to see a transformation in the Catholic Church, Northern Europe was more involved with the transformation of
The Protestant Reformation was a religious movement that significantly the political and social spheres of Europe. This reformation is a religious movement because Martian Luther and his colleagues came to understand that if sinners had to earn salvation by their own merits and good works, they would be lost and completely without hope. Pope Leo X told the people that indulgence was a pardon and he made people believe that you could buy your
Do you agree with the view that the decisive influence in shaping the reformation of the 1530’s was Thomas Cromwell’s Idea of the Nation State? The reformation of the English Church and the break with Rome are arguably the most poignant moments in the Henry VIII’s rule. It marked the start of the nation state, and the Church of England. Although Henry played a vital role in the reformation there were others around him who also contributed towards it, and shaped it into what it became. Namely Cromwell and Cranmer played important roles, and overall I agree with the view that the decisive influence in shaping the reformation was Thomas Cromwell due to his closeness to the king and willingness to entirely devote his time and resources into the reformation.
FRQ: Compare and contrast Lutheran and catholic reformations The catholic and Lutheran reformations were revolutionary events in history in which the Christian religion divided into the different sects that exist today, Catholicism and Protestantism. The Lutheran reformation is when Luther studied scriptures and came to the conclusion that the papacy was an invalid power and corrupt. The catholic reformation was the Catholic Church’s attempt to resolve corruption and other serious issues within the Catholic Church. This was also done to reform the catholic church so it is more appealing and hence, less conversions to protestant branches of Christianity such and Lutheranism. These two events were similar and different in two aspects: they were different because while the Lutheran reformation had many doctrinal changes, the catholic reforms made no revisions whatsoever to the beliefs of the catholic church; and they were similar because they both resolved many corrupt practices which was critical for both Protestantism and Catholicism because it added an appeal to the two sects of Christianity allowing either of them to gain popularity.
The English colonies in America were established for a variety of reasons including economic and religious factors. Other reasons for colonization include the desire to expand the British Empire, establishing order, protecting colonies and to rehabilitate debtors. Religious factors that contributed to the establishment of the English colonies occurred in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Maryland. In England, due to Henry VIII 's action upon breaking his ties with the Roman Catholic Church and making himself head of the Church of England, it stimulated religious reformers into carry out purification of English Christianity. These religious reformers, known as Puritans wanted to reform the Church of England from within.
With Protestantism growing ever since introduced, and many challenges against the church, the Catholic authorities responded in different ways in order to keep Protestantism from growing and correcting it of its mistakes at the Council of Trent (1545-1563). In one of the responses of the Catholic authorities to the Lutheran Reformation was the
In his Renaissance humanist play, The Duchess of Malfi, John Webster explores the opposition between these two major branches of Christianity, in the context of social and political constructs. Webster’s protagonists, the Duchess of Malfi and her new husband Antonio, have to deal with the harsh repercussions of adopting the Protestant doctrine in an intensely Roman Catholic society. His story functions as a critique of the oppression of the Catholic Church Institution and its religious political system, stressing the need to return to the basic concepts of Christianity, like the Ten Commandments, that are uncorrupted by deceit and manipulation. Webster suggests that in the humanist tradition of ad fontes, returning to the sources of Christianity and the simplicity of biblical scripture is the solution to end the unnecessary and oppressive political system of the Catholic Church. The Protestant tradition of Sola Scriptura is part of the solution for Webster, which is the reason that his play has a