27) He named his cousin, Leo IX, pope in 1049 and his legacy is highlighted by a few things: one being the issue of simony, his goal being to purify the church from being influenced by money; and he also took on the task of surrounding himself with "reform-minded" people and gave them permanent positions within the church. By doing these things, Leo sets a precedent for what the papacy's role will be during this time period -- namely one of revolutionary
The schism ended with the election of Martin V at the Council of Constance, after rivals to the Pope all claimed to be the successor of St. Peter. Following the election, the split quickly started to take effect on the Church. The Great Schism had a huge effect on the Catholic Church and changed it in many ways. People wanted to improve the Catholic Church because it was splintered after splitting into two different churches, the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. Changes in religious, economic, cultural, and political conditions started a need for reform in the Church, which led to the Protestant Reformation with Martin Luther, the Catholic Reformation with the Council of Trent and St. Charles Borromeo, (which “fixed” most of the problems started by the Protestant Reformation,) and lastly, the Vatican Council I with Pope Pius IX.
The problem amounted and became so worse that in 1512, the Council of Seville requested that all their wives should leave their children. Priests took a vow of Poverty, yet in reality; many lived wealthy lives which went against the ideal that Clergymen lived simply. They enjoyed certain privileges, such as exemption from the tithe and papal taxation. Throughout Germany, as clergymen were immune from such hard-hitting taxes that had caused many Germans to
The church lost the trust and support of the people first because of the effects of the Crusades which resulted in many difficulties and new ideas and then was unable to provide the answers and services that the people expected during the times of famine and plague. Pope Urban II called for the Crusades during his speech at the council of Clermont. He promised the forgiveness of all sins for the warriors, spoke about atrocities committed by the Saracens against Christians and finally, convinced them that they had to take Jerusalem back because it was their holy city. The response by nobles to his exaggerated accounts was overwhelming. They sold their land to finance their journeys; left their manors unmanaged and took up the cause for faith .
First he decreed an edict of toleration, which in essence greatly appealed to the Christians who were a minority in his empire, as it allowed them to practice their faith without government persecution. Secondly Constantine returned all church property which had been seized during the persecutions and also patronized the Christian church by diverting the imperial funds from the many different pagan cults to the church. Constantine also appealed to the Christian church in matters of doctrinal disputes that had risen in the church as a sort of mediator between the conflicting groups attempting to unite the church as one. This was done by funding and presiding over numerous councils and meetings attempting to have a united church, this must have greatly influenced the bishops of the Christian church. With the Donatist controversy Constantine eventually appealed to them using force, attempting to persuade them to Catholic Church.
How is the Crusades defined? In according to the all about God website, “The Crusades were a series of military missions, usually organized and promoted by the Pope and/or Roman Catholic Church. The crusades took place through the 11th and 13th centuries A.D.” If we look have a close look to recent events, we could come with the clear understanding on how the Crusaders were started. Back in 1095, the Muslims were taking over and if they were as cruel as they are now, population, from my point of view, were terrorized. Pushing certain individuals to take actions on their own, by forming the Crusades.
For this question, key factors will need to be analysed in order to form a correct conclusion on Elizabeth 1's reasons for pursuing a religious settlement, such as England's religious turbulence or relations with powerful European countries. Beliefs in Elizabeth society on religion and gender roles will also need to be analysed when answering this question. Firstly, the religious turbulence that had plagued England for over twenty years greatly impacted Elizabeth's decision. England was a catholic country with the head of the church being the Pope. This continued until Henry VIII, so desperate to produce a male heir, broke Papal control over England and named himself Head of the Church that taught an offshoot of Christianity based on the teachings of Martin Luther, the Protestant Church of England.
Scholasticism synthesized Christian beliefs and values and the Greek philosophy of Aristotle. Sacraments, devotion to saints, and relics made Christianity more popular amongst the laity. Dominicans and Franciscans lived as beggars and gave up all material belongings to oppose the materialistic church. The Cathars and Waldesians preferred to commit heresy and leave the church altogether. Religious philosophies changed in medieval Europe due to the growing materialistic greed of the church and growing interaction with lands around Europe.
Natural resentment towards the Muslim settlers was instilled through the church, and it was because of this the Papacy was able to use Crusades from the 1200’s onwards to remove threats in Spain and to the east. The coherent theme of the following crusades was the use of the defence of the Holy Land as a catalyst for rallying Christian Knights to the Pope’s right hand. By the Grace of God and the zeal
However during the middle ages this all seemed to come crashing down, due to civil wars and peoples push for power over the entire Empire. During this time most of the reforms and finding in education seemed to have been lost or destroyed by leaders. By doing this the entire Roman Empire fell and was destroyed. It would take more time after this to relearn everything lost. The Roman Empire went from an elite civilization down into a bunch of warring people fighting for land.