Greek culture, specifically during the era of Classical Antiquity, is renowned for advancements in numerous disciplines that would reach through centuries and continue to shape and influence society more than any other civilization throughout history. Ideally located, Greece is surrounded by three seas, which aided them in both conquest and trade throughout the known world. They were able to flourish throughout the Mediterranean area into modern day Italy, France, Spain, Africa, and the near East, spreading their language and their customs into these areas. Although these areas became colonized by Greeks they were never truly united, however they did identify with one another culturally. Aside from the vast trade economy they established, Greeks also had an intricate system of polytheistic belief.
The Greco-Persian wars, the great struggle between the United Greek Poleis against the growing Persian Empire of the East. Sparta, one of the Major greek Polis was responsible to a great extent for the victory of the Greeks over the Persians. Sparta not only participated in several crucial battles of the war such as Thermopylae and Plataea, but also contributed to the Greek Political and cultural idea of unity. Along with the physical strength of the Spartan forces, their leadership at battles such as “Salamis” and “Plataea” allowed the Greeks to be victorious in the Greco-Persian Wars. The battle of Marathon, the first and instigating battle of the Persian wars of 490Bc, was fought and won by the forces of Athens and Plataeans, without the help of the Spartans.
Plato witnessed Socrates’ death, and took it to heart. He despised democracy and had a similar view on the world as Socrates did. Plato wrote many things that Socrates said, including Socrates’ apology. Plato said there is a conflict between an ideal society and the true society, Socrates’ murder being a prime example. “The fact that Athens could codemn its noblest citizen to death did more than make a profound impression on him.
Without ancient events there won't be history at all. In selecting the theme proposing us by teacher, I had chosen « The Scyths: myths and reality» for several reasons. Firstly, the Scyths were strong tribal union, which impress by their great history. History, which enthrall and make us proud. Secondly, there was a famous war with Persians, in which Scyths won in battle with Cyrus and almost lost with Darius I. I wondered how Scyths won, because Persia was a Great country.
Eduardo Date 9/18/2012 Professor. Alma Aguilar King Leonidas I In the city of a Sparta is a statue of a legend that left behind and attributed a vast of history of a king who was recognized and feared by always getting all he wanted even if the methods were deviant. Respected for keeping his head up in the worst of the challenges he faced. The name of this icon was Leonidas, a king from the ancient Sparta who was a fierce leader and showed the world what it needs to gain the respect of its people. Personal Background Leonidas was born in Greece Peloponnesian Peninsula in 530 B.C.
The Greeks took the Phoenician alphabet and modified it to create the Greek alphabet during the Archaic Period. Greek people were very polytheistic and believed in a plethora of gods who were believed to live on Mount Olympus. Unlike a lot of other newly originating civilizations, Greece had a very well developed political system. Since ancient Greece consisted of several hundreds of independent city-states (poleis) which happened to be a situation unlike most other civilizations were made up of, each polis was governed by its own individual governor. They may have all been run differently, but all of the poleis shared a common religion, language, and culture.
The Battle of Marathon The Battle of Marathon is significant not only to the Greeks, but the whole world. At the beginning of their fight, the Greeks had won a stunning victory. This was a battle no one will forget. It was only the first of many battles between the Greeks and the Persians. It all started when King Darius decided to conquer the tiny Greek city states of mainland Greece.
However, Athens used the League’s navy for its own purposes, which prompted an eruption by Sparta. In 431 BC, Thebes of Sparta let out his frustration by attacking Plataea of Athens, which got the Peloponnesian War underway. The Spartans had the army; Athens held the navy. Archidamas sent his Spartan army to invade Athens. Around that same time, Athenian ruler, Pericles, died because of the horrible plague in Greece.
Form and function “Future ages will wonder at as, as present ages do now” In the classical period of 500Bc-336Bc the Greek city of Athens reached its greatest cultural and political heights. This included the invention of democracy, many epic scientific discoveries and the construction of the Acropolis with the Parthenon. The ideas of Greek society, attention to detail and a mathematically explained harmony in the natural world were things that the Greeks believed set them apart from the barbarians. It is these ideals that are represented in their Architecture. The original Parthenon was built on the Acropolis in Athens.
Elaine Roedel Professor Harten Herodotus: “Father of History” or “Father of Lies” Herodotus was among the first Greek Natural philosophers and lived from 490 to 425 B.C. He was a great story teller and many of his listeners had an opinion of whether the information he presented was true fact or purely fable. Cicero referred to Herodotus as the “father of history” however there were also many who designate him as the “father of lies”. I side with Cicero and suggest that Herodotus was the “father of history”. Herodotus stated that his purpose of relating stories was “to preserve the memory of the past by recording the amazing achievements of the Greeks and also foreign peoples, and in addition the reason they went to war with one another” (267).