Proving that our intelligence was inherent, however the research was found to be inaccurate. On the other hand, the nurture side of the discussion said that intelligence was learnt from the environment. Jean Piaget claimed that your intelligence is developed in stages as your brain matures and children are “little scientists “discovering their own knowledge via their environment. Another developmental stage that the nurture-nurture debate comes up in is language. The
Behaviorist approach works very differently from biological approach in Health and Social care. There are many differences between the two and how they are used to aid people with many disorders. The behavioral approach assumes that all behavior is learn and that when we are born we are like a blank piece of paper. Behaviorists and social learning theorists are some of the examples of scientists and psychologists who believe in the nurture side of the debate. They believe that children can be molded and shaped by the environment through behavior modification, rewards and punishments.
Sociobiology is the study of how biology affects behavior, with specific focus on how human nature is affected by genetic composition of a group of people sharing specific characteristics. Sociobiologists would explain criminals by citing how biological factors such as their gender, or predisposition to mental illness, affects the possibility of a person committing a crime. What are some of the constitutional factors that this lesson identifies as linked to criminality? Genetics, gender, age, intelligence, body shape and moral development. What are the social policy implications of biological theories of crime?
Describe and Evaluate the use of Laboratory Experiments in Criminal Psychology (12 marks) Laboratory experiments are used in Criminal Psychology to isolate and observe the effect of one variable on others, thus establishing a cause and effect relationship. For example, if the presence of a weapon in a crime causes an eyewitness to focus on that rather than other factors of the crime. This may effect eyewitness reliability. The dependent variable can be strictly measured, providing quantitative data. For example, in Loftus experiments on eye witness testimony the participants were asked to say if there was broken glass present or not.
For example, a murderer being studied at a local prison could have a psychological disorder, which causes them to interpret the world around them differently, but it also be because of an genetically inherited disease that runs in the family. The criminal could think and behave like a murderer because he could come from an abusive background, which leads to his upbringing having an effect on his brain. However, he could also have been born with a gene that runs in the family, something that determines the personality of that person, which could lead them to committing the
Essay: describe and explain (from the video) how nature (inherited instinct biology/genes) and nurture (environment or upbringing (how are you treated/taught)) can affect a child’s development. In order to answer the focus question, we would need to understand the terms used. Nature describes the basic skills that are “hardwired” into our brains such as what a baby can do when it is born. A deeper understanding of the term would lead to a debate on the theory of evolution as, if a creature could be born knowing certain things such as speech already without being taught, that would have to be a form of evolution and then nurture would become nature. The term nurture refers to the way a child or adult was raised and the effect it had on their personality, such as a person’s language.
The biological approach is shown to be one of the most scientific explanations for human behaviour. The key assumptions suggest human behaviour is strongly determined by our genes, biological processes (chemical imbalances, fight/flight responses), and genetic inheritance. The nervous system also has an essential role, especially the brain and central nervous system, where each structure has an important function in the control of behaviour and thoughts. The central nervous system is split into the spinal cord and brain, and is concerned with all life functions and psychological processes. The peripheral nervous system, also part of the nervous system, transmits information to and from the nervous system.
Biological Psychology Name PSY 340: Biological Foundations of Psychology Date Biological Psychology The beginning of behavior, emotion, and thought all begin in the brain and this is the foundation of biological psychology. Biological psychology is the scientific study of the physiological bases of human behavior and mental processes. Biological psychology is also known as behavioral neuroscience and physiological psychology. Biological psychology focuses on the relationship of underlying physiological events and psychological processes. This form of psychology is involved with the mind-body dispute and researchers how they affect one another.
Biological Approach | PY1 PY1 | Model answers for biological approach | Sumi Prasobh AS Level | 1a) Outline two assumptions of the biological approach (4 marks) One assumption of the biological approach is that our personalities and behaviors are biologically determined. Lab research found that we’re a product of our brain structure. The balance of neurotransmitters, such as dopamine and adrenaline has directly been found to affect our mood, thoughts and personalities. For example Hans Selye found that both humans and animals are biologically determined to react in the same predictable way to the threat of a stressor for aiding survival. Another assumption is that certain regions of the brain determine certain behaviors.
The psychologists observe and simplify what they see. Reading all the action, face and palm will not be accurate as solid. That is why now days the scientists has invented machine to detect lies. Our brain has certain waves to recognize our behavior Therefore, more to science to be concluded in the field of psychology. Psychology also can be in the field of biology.