Biological Theories of Crime

368 Words2 Pages
What are the central assumptions of biological theories of crime? How do such theories differ from other perspectives that attempt to explain the same phenomena? What biological factors does this lesson suggest might substantially influence human aggression? Hormones. Testosterone has often been used to explain criminality, and how it affects crime rates between men and women, and men and other men. Another hormonal explanation is the fluctuation in hormones immediately before, and during the first days of, menstruation. Simultaneously, early puberty can contribute to delinquency. Neurotransmitters, specifically serotonin, can be a factor in aggression. Low serotonin levels can mean higher levels of aggression, with many studies finding this to be the case with violent offenders. What have research studies in the field of genetics had to say about the possible causes of crime? What is sociobiology? How do sociobiologists explain criminals? Sociobiology is the study of how biology affects behavior, with specific focus on how human nature is affected by genetic composition of a group of people sharing specific characteristics. Sociobiologists would explain criminals by citing how biological factors such as their gender, or predisposition to mental illness, affects the possibility of a person committing a crime. What are some of the constitutional factors that this lesson identifies as linked to criminality? Genetics, gender, age, intelligence, body shape and moral development. What are the social policy implications of biological theories of crime? What Supreme Court case discussed in this lesson might presage a type of policy based on such theories? Why have biological approaches to crime causation encountered stiff criticism? Do you agree or disagree with those who are critical of such perspectives? Why do you feel this way? The criticism of biological
Open Document