This drove most, if not outright all, factory owners and employers to lower the wages for everybody and thus unsettle the citizens who had the job in the first place. However, this is only one of the things that happened to labor and class during the Gilded Age thanks to the many immigrants coming from all over. 1880 is an important time for the Gilded Age when it comes to labor and class. It was during that time that the Census Bureau found that the majority of the work force had moved to non-farming jobs despite the country being a mostly agricultural place before hand (Foner, Ch. 16, 634).
DBQ Japan and India In the period from the 1800s to the 1930s, Japan and India both saw a great increase in the use of machines in the textile industry. Both countries had similar recruitment techniques but differed greatly in who the workers were, and their working conditions. Documents 1, 2, and 6 all show the increased use of machines and declined use of handmade items in India and Japan. (Document 1) which is the Indian textiles chart shows how India used more machines to create a greater amounts of pounds and yards from 1884 to 1914. The chart shows that machine-spun yarn became of greater quantities as opposed to hand-spun yarn due to the increase in machines.
350,000 women were in unions in 1914, but 600,000 by 1918. Although many women found themselves earning good wages for the first time during the war, women were always paid less than men, and were not promoted as often as their male colleagues. The war did lead to real changes in social attitudes. Women had more freedom after the war. Their clothing became much simpler, with shorter skirts and sleeves.
A wet nurse is a woman who breastfeeds a baby that is not her own. According to a 1901 census about sixty-eight percent of the house hold had between about three and seven members. Most women and men occupation connected to the straw weaving industry. That shows that there weren’t any other jobs better than weaving. Even though many women did the same hard labor jobs like the men’s did, it was still count less than what men’s did.
Workers provided economic prosperity for elite of Mexico such a business owners and the international companies using cheap Mexican labor. Additionally, the CTM, Mexico’s labor union did little to help the workers cause. Workers were uniformed of health and safety risks due to lax industrial hygiene practices. Almost no recourse was available to attain fair compensation, safe working conditions, etc. They were easily kept subjugated due to their low education and need for work, just like the rural peasants of the
In the United States of America, there are mainly two kinds of economic statuses seen: very wealthy and very poor. The middle class which is also known as the working class, often leads down to poverty more then up to wealth. An example of this is Ms. Ehrenreich Although Ms. Ehrenreich was not starving or literally homeless, she was nearly living in poverty. She was not living in a stable home that is steady against wind, storms or any natural disasters; she was merely living a in a trailer. Of course, she could have rented a more stable home, but with her current job that pays minimum wage that is nearly impossible.
Unskilled workers fared poorly in the early U.S. economy, receiving as little as half the pay of skilled craftsmen, artisans, and mechanics. About 40 percent of the workers in the cities were low-wage laborers and seamstresses in clothing factories, often living in dismal circumstances. With the rise of factories, children, women, and poor immigrants were employed to run the machines. Industrialization of the New South was a major change to the economy, after the civil war the agrarian lifestyle was abandoned. Due to the substantial industrial growth labor unions were formed to protect the workers and desire for better wages plus safe working environments (AP&P, pg 248-251).
The poor will not always be with us in a country filled with opportunity. “The world does not need poor countries in order to have rich countries, nor must some people be poor in order for others to be rich”(Wheelan 145). WHeelan explains that the poor will never be with us because the poor are the ones that are not taking advantage of human capital. The difference between the wealthy and the poverty stricken also lies in the health of an economy. For example, if a factory is closing, they find a new business and buy the old one out then the individual will work for the new owner.
One of the myths are that people on welfare do not want to work when in fact, Women on welfare do work but normally obtain minimum wage. Statistics show that mothers on welfare held on average 1.7 jobs while almost half (44%) held two or more jobs. Another myth is that people who get on welfare never get off, 30% get off within two years permanently. Some of the problems that we face are that many of the people on welfare have a lack of education, which creates more unskilled workers. We live in a society where we say that everyone able to pull himself or herself up by there bootstrap and create the life that they want.
This is also challenged, but by sociologists (specifically feminists) who claim women working doesn’t mean they’re more equal – it means they now have a “dual burden” to carry, paid and unpaid work (unpaid work being household labour). Elsa Ferri and Kate Smith (1996) claim both these things benefit men and that households are still as patriarchal as they were before despite these working women. Based on a sample of 1,589 33-year-old-fathers and mother, they found the father only took the main responsibility for childcare in less than 4% of the