Following the Second World War there was an economic boom. Most of the money made from things like industry went to business men and upper class citizens who were able to buy shares and stocks. While many people like the rich got richer and the poor made a step up but life for the black Americans stayed the same to an extent. One reason and the most important reason that black Americans did not share in the economic boom was that they were particularly hit badly by the problems in the country as they had always done the least skilled jobs. They had jobs such as railroad track layers, brick layers, grave diggers; fruit, vegetable and cotton pickers, doormen, elevator operators.Almost 1 million black farm workers lost their jobs, many moved to the cities where they shared similar experiences with the immigrants; low paid jobs and poor housing conditions.In the northern states, decent jobs went to the white population and discrimination was just as common in the north as it was in the South and many black families lived in ghettoes in the cities in very poor conditions.
This also meant that the land was not used to it full potential, all these factors lead to the famines and causing peasants to up rise using violence against government officials. This was on the verge of the revolution. The deep resentment from the peasantry towards the Tsar increased after the war as lots of money had being invested in the war and Russia had lost. Moreover, Sergei Witte had tried to improve the economy of Russia but it was to make sure that the Russian social order stayed the same. Due to industrialisation, factories were built which lead to rapid growth of population in the towns and cities for example from 98 million in 1885 to 125 million in 1905.
At the end of the 19th century, American lives were profoundly impacted by the Industrial Revolution. Political, economic and social change was evident throughout America. Before the Industrial Revolution, goods were manufactured in traditional ways and production was inefficient and slow. Most Americans lived in rural areas prior to the Industrial Revolution and small producers represented the majority of American industry. Laws regulating work and production were limited.
Immigrants strengthen the economy Undocumented immigrants not only help the economic growth of the United States but it also fulfills the needs of these individual financially as well as their families back in their countries. The tremendous amount of immigrant that arrive to the United States see the country as the land of opportunities for there families. Many of these families that migrate to the United States come from third world countries like Central America in which there is no type of progression or innovation because of the poverty, crime, lack of education and opportunities. Once arriving to the United States many immigrants are in search of jobs to support themselves and their families back home. They also come in pursue of giving a better educational opportunities to their young children.
At the dawn of the twentieth century, Russia was in a political crisis. The abolishment of serfdom in 1861 and the Industrial Revolution of the 1880s created an exodus from farms to cities as the former serfs sought employment in factories. With no representation for the workers, factories were unsafe and workdays long. Those who remained in the rural areas, found the liberation from serfdom to be anything but free as they struggled to pay for land that barely supported their existence. By the early 1900s, the proletariat, or working class, began to call for better wages and improved working conditions.
Anyon uses the school system to correlate the similarities of the type of economic stance one has regulates the success of their academic career. The first social class Anyon embarks is the working class. She describes the working class as the lowest class known. This class consists of 85 percent of American families. Where 15 percent of fathers are unemployed or have blue collar jobs, such as platform, storeroom, and stockroom workers.
80% of Russia’s population was made up of peasants and most of them lived in poverty. As the population grew rapidly, 98 million in 1885 to 125 in 1905, an attempt to provide land for each peasant family made the size of peasant landholdings fall. As if this wasn’t enough there were several harvest failures which resulted in severe famine. This greatly angered peasants, who in jacqueries, attacked government officials and encouraged the start of the revolution. Also, compared to other European countries, Russian agriculture was still backward.
However, due to the Industrial Revolution, America began to stray from the vision the founding fathers had for the nation in the late 1700’s and 1800’s. Though social mobility was promised to immigrants and common Americans, these same people were often exploited and left in poverty. Founding fathers, such as Thomas Jefferson, valued farming above all else, but as industrialism took hold of America, farming became much necessary, and farmers more scarce. Finally, though America’s politicians promised to hear what the common people had to say, during and after the Industrial Revolution it seemed that only the very wealthy could make any sort of impact, and there was nothing to stop them from crushing the working class underfoot. The United States of America was built on the ideal that every man should be able to make his way in the world regardless of his family or class.
There were many failures in collectivization, particularly the - output fell in the 1930s largely for three reasons; the peasants resented the state taking their land, machinery and livestock, so they did not work as hard and put more effort into their private plots, where they could keep any profit generated. Alongside the implementation of collectivization was the policy of liquidating the kulaks. The Party said these were rich farmers - in reality they were the better farmers, they had improved their land and had a better understanding of their land and what to grow and how to grow it than the
The time when major consumption began cannot be pin pointed exactly but many people believe it began around the Industrial Revolution. Before the Industrial Revolution the working classes worked long hours for low wages, which left little time or money for consumerist activities but after the Industrial Revolution they had more free time to do what they wished and they decided to turn their attention towards the growing number of mass produced, cheap commodities. Henry Ford had a brilliant idea that “mass production would most probably lead to mass consumption” (Ford). Frederick Winslow Taylor brought this theory to other industries and from his jumpstarted mass productivity and the availability of goods that were previously unavailable to the lower classes. This put forward the whole idea of buying goods to make the lower classes lives easier and from that branched the whole concept of a middle class society.