Family background can effect a child's development by the family's values the culture and the way the child is encouraged and cared for all can effect the child development. The child environment can effect the development of the child e.g. Housing condition , opportunities for play and educational. Poverty and deprivation can affect the child's development because Lack of money can lead to poor nutrition and lack of opportunity and also lower expectations. Children and young people in the care system are more vulnerable,often due to the lack of stability and attachment disorder this can affect their emotional ,social and academic development.
Ex: Lack of oxygen during birth will affect the development of the baby. Health problems - If a child suffers from health issues such as asthma, it may make them unable to take part in activities which will affect the over roll development. A child with Learning difficulties, physical disabilities or sensory deficiencies (blindness and deafness)will make it unable for them to socialize and work with other children which is a major part in helping their development, also they could be withdrawn and make them feel like they don’t belong. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors External factors also effect a child’s development Poverty and deprivation This directly affects the development of a child since poverty and deprivation means lack of proper accommodation and food. The exposure to unhealthy environment and food increase the chance of children coming in to contact with infectious diseases.
Environment 14 up wards At this age if a child has not been able to move away from poverty area then their life will be fighting to improve it on little money and a lot of hope At this age the lack of parents input can course problems, emotionally and they don't always understand how money works as they have always been given it. Most would rather have parents love then money. Restricted environment can stop children becoming all they can be and cause disruptive and emotional behavioural outbursts or go the other way and can close inside them
2.1 Describe with examples the kinds of young people’s development inclu influences that affect children andding: * Background * Health * Environment | Examples | Affect | BackgroundHealth Environment | Parents relationshipParents stylesReligion and cultureStep-familyPovertySiblingsIllness and diseaseNutritionProper RestHeredityStressSports and physical activity Noise OvercrowdingParents employmentFamily problems Neighbourhood | Parents that are going through a marriage breakdown, divorce and separation can be stressful for all involved particularly the children and young people. They could get very upset, could go very quiet, could stop eating and could even stop talking. Parents who think that education is not important have a negative input so they don’t encourage their children to get a good education. Parents with a lack of ability will not be able to help their children with their homework, this could be affect on their development.Children will be part of different ethnic background and cultures. Children’s belief may cause them emotional conflict when they want to participate in some physical activities which go against their family’s wishes or religious beliefs.
This will have caused from poor concentration, the child may also need specific help in their work and class before any sort of progress can be made. 2) Parental illness: a child may need to be looked after because their parents may be ill or cannot cope and as a result the child may have to leave the family home for a period. Throughout this time they may live in foster homes, residential schools or children’s homes. 3) Family breakdown: families break down for a number of reasons including the following substance like abuse, mental health problems, bereavement, parental illness and incapacity. The most dangerous cause of a child being removed from that situation for their own safety and well-being.
The personal choices that a child makes can have a lasting effect on their life. Both smoking and drinking alcohol can become addictive. | Being in Care System | Social Factor | Being in the Care System is a Social Factor because this can result in the child being more withdrawn from others and in some cases less trusting. Due to poor relationships with their parents/adults, which is the foundation of making relationships and friendships with others. | Poverty | Economic Factor | Poverty is an Economic Factor because without the money to pay for good education or extra support the child may not do very well academically it has been proven that children who live in poverty do not perform as well as more affluent children.
The perpetrator may have been abused as a child; violence may have become a means of resolving disputes in the family/social network. Family history of violence. The stress of caring for a physically and/or mentally frail adult without adequate support can lead to abusive behavior towards the adult. Other events may have occurred to exacerbate the situation, such as a job loss, moving house, the death of a significant other, or financial problems. Dependency on the vulnerable person for money, shelter or emotional support can arouse resentment, sometimes abuse.
Material depravation is the lack of money and resources in the home. Sociologists who are ‘material depravation sociologists’ believe that the main cause of underachievement is lack of money and resources due to poverty. Overcrowding can lead to children not being able to study/ do homework, there may also be disturbed sleep, also, in a crowded household, children have a higher risk of accident. Families living in temporary housing will also be worse off as it means the child may have disrupted education. Howard (2001) noted that young people from poorer homes have lower intakes of energy, vitamins, and minerals.
Children who are not loved will find it difficult in the future to make long lasting friendships. Children will feel isolated and unhappy. It is important that children are loved and care for properly. A key economic factor that may influence development is unemployment. Parents who are on low income might have children wearing clothes that are too small for them.
• Anti-social behaviour – can have the potential to become excluded from school or become a looked after child. • Health status of self or family member –physical illness may lead to emotional problems or disturbed behaviour. • Disability – children with disabilities may find it hard to access play/leisure activities. • Parents or carers – children or young person who have role-reversal where they are looking after the parent, may feel like they have less opportunities. • Health support – those who need health support most often are least likely to use services provided.