A child’s social network and emotional development can influence development, along with the use of drugs and alcohol both (child and parent). A child may not understand what is required due to unidentified possible language delay. Child may be bored and uninterested at school. 2.2 Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factor External factors can have an effect on a child’s development for such poverty, deprived of food, clothes and toys. Poor living conditions, inadequate diet and exercise and quality of life, leading to increased illness.
Examples of influences that affect children and young people’s development, including; background, health and environmental. Events that children may not understand may leave them confused, leading to frustration and aggressive outbursts. They may become withdrawn in their behaviour and develop unwanted habits through anxiety. The factors causing this behaviour may be: arrival of a new baby, bereavement, and divorce or moving home to mention a few. A loving and secure attachment to a nurturing adult influences a child’s capacity for social, emotional and cognitive development and the ability to have positive relationships.
This would affect their physical development and their intellectual development, as their learning at the age of crawling is sometimes dependent on their ability to move and touch things. 2.1 Describe, with examples, the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’s development including: background, health, and environment. A child or young person’s background can influence their development. If a family has a recent breakup, if the child is suffering from bereavement or even moving house then this could affect them emotionally as well as intellectually, this could even transfer to the classroom and affect the ability for the child to learn normally. Other than the background of a child or young person their health is another influence of their development, this can include medical condition or impairment disallowing them the chance of normal activities as other children.
There are numerous external factors that will have an effect on children and young people’s development, some being education, neglect, poverty, and history of abuse or the status of care. Education - Some children who have arrived from another country where formal education begins later may also find their intellectual development affected as they have had no previous education but could also affect their emotional and behavioural development if they feel they are not able to do what others have already learnt to do. Schools will often put appropriate support in place for children in these situations. Starting education early through pre-school or nursery children are being given a head start in many areas of development as they will have the opportunity to learn and experience things they would not do at home, whilst boosting they’re social and emotional development as they interact with peers learning to form friendships, through playing games where they will also come across turn taking and learn to adjust their own way of thinking to fit in. Some children who have arrived from another country where formal education begins later may also find their intellectual development affected as they have had no previous education but could also affect their emotional and behavioural development if they feel they are not able to do what others have already learnt to do.
Children’s friendship with others help them develop their emotional understanding, interaction, empathy and social skills. Children who lack friends tend to feel isolated, suffer insecurities and usually withdraw themselves more. They may struggle to communicate, share and understand the needs and feelings of others. As they grow older the insecurities may lead to self-hate and self-harm. They will also lack people to confide in or go to for advice Child neglect, often overlooked, is the most common form of child maltreatment.
It may be with the local authorities or a family relative or friend. If the illness is permanent and leaves the parent/ guardian unable to care for the child, then permanent care may be put in place. Child related reasons; Behavioural problems Children may need to be looked after as a consequence of their own actions. If a child’s behaviour cannot be managed and controlled by their parents/ guardians and is causing stress and ill health to anyone in the household then they may require them to be looked after by someone other than their parents/guardians. Learning difficulties Children with learning difficulties present their own problems and challenges; some families are unable to cope with these challenges and may place their child in respite care.
Understand how to support positive outcomes for children and young people 3.1 If a child or young person has a disability it can have a significant impact on their lives. They may face discrimination because they have a disability, this could involve not being included within groups of children, or because children and young people don’t have an understanding of what a disability is. If a child/young person with a disability is not included or given the correct support to enable them to be included they could become depressed and develop low self-esteem. If opportunities are not available to those with disabilities such as disabled access to schools, colleges and community centres these can be barriers for them trying to lead normal lives, it may cause embarrassment to the individual. If a disabled person cannot access public facilities this acts as a barrier and takes away their right as a human being to have the same chances as everybody else.
RUNNING HEAD: REACTIVE ATTACHMENT DISORDER Reactive Attachment Disorder June 25, 2011 Abstract Children need a secure attachment. They form this by healthy parents who provide a safe and secure environment. When this attachment is not formed due to abuse, neglect, or mistreatment, children suffer. Child abuse and neglect affect the lives of many children and can result in physical injury and psychological trauma. Reactive attachment disorder is one of the possible consequences of this psychological trauma.
It can be a scary experience as children often become confused at the changes to their bodies. It is common for young people to feel self-conscious due to peer pressure and comparing their body changes, to that of their peer group. Children may become argumentative and dismissive as feel they have no control over what is happening to them. Starting a new School is a definitive transition that children make. Whether it’s a nursery, primary or secondary School there will be many feelings of anxiety.
CT232 Understand how to support positive outcomes for children and young people Notes to support both posters: Describe the social, economic & cultural factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people: • Some learners experience barriers to learning as a result of their ethnicity, social group, race or culture. Children from poorer backgrounds and or specific ethnic and social groups are more likely to underachieve and this can sometimes lead to problems at school and exclusion. Major life events such as bereavement, family breakdown or abuse can cause emotional and behavioural problems. Many of these learners find it difficult to engage in learning, finding it difficult due to negative associations due to bullying or pressure to achieve. Explain the importance & impact of poverty on outcome and life chances for children and young people: • Low income: this can mean that children may not have the same advantages as their wealthier peers.