Essay On Reactive Attachment

6399 Words26 Pages
RUNNING HEAD: REACTIVE ATTACHMENT DISORDER Reactive Attachment Disorder June 25, 2011 Abstract Children need a secure attachment. They form this by healthy parents who provide a safe and secure environment. When this attachment is not formed due to abuse, neglect, or mistreatment, children suffer. Child abuse and neglect affect the lives of many children and can result in physical injury and psychological trauma. Reactive attachment disorder is one of the possible consequences of this psychological trauma. Many children in foster care exhibit signs and symptoms of attachment issues. The purpose of this paper is to define reactive attachment disorder, review attachment theory, explore the development of attachment in children, review signs and symptoms of reactive attachment disorder, and explore the different treatment approaches. Definition of Reactive Attachment Disorder Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) has been defined as a childhood disorder with a variety of adverse behavioral consequences including the inability to form normal relationships with manifestations such as poor eye contact, abnormal eating habits, attempting to control by using power struggles, chronic lying, and stealing. These children also exhibit poor impulse control. The onset of this disorder seemingly prohibits children from forming normal…show more content…
“Barkley’s parenting model includes several elements common to modern evidence-based approaches for childhood behavior problems. It is a parent-mediated treatment, focused on teaching parents a set of specific parenting skills. The skills are based on basic behavioral principles, such as building a positive relationship, building sensitivity to the child, selectively attending to the child’s positive behavior, giving effective commands, consistently using contingent reinforcement, and applying a structured time-out protocol for discipline” (Chaffin, 2008, p.
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