The young people may find it hard to socialise outside of their family because of judgements being made about them. This may lead the young person to develop negative feelings about themselves or society for not fitting in. This may affect them getting a job. Being in the care system means that a young person is separated away from the family unit due to a family breakdown and could possibly be split up from siblings. this impacts on the life chances of the young person because they may not be able to fully put their trusts in the adults around them because of all the new changes they have gone through.
There are many factors which will impact on the lives of children and young people. Such as criminal activity, poverty and religion. If a child is exposed to criminal activity or anti-social behaviour there are numerous ways this could affect them. If the behaviour is displayed by a role model the child may perceive it to be normal or acceptable and copy the behaviour. This could lead them to being unable to form positive and stable friendships due to disruptive behaviour, being unable to achieve academic goals or, in worse scenarios, imprisoned.
Health facilities and education can be tricky to access if transport is limited. Health status: If a parent has a health problem the child could be their carer reducing their opportunities to play and socialise with friends. Existing conditions such as asthma or kidney disease may lead to a child’s education being supported accordingly. Disability: The disability of an adult could lead to poverty or mean the child is the carer. The disability of a child could affect educational provision.
2. Describe the potential effects of discrimination? The potential effects of discrimination can be different for different people. The effects can be physical, emotional or a combination of both. For example children with disabilities may not be given a chance to join in with activities due to others thinking that their disability prevents them from being able to do so.
According to Burnham, “If pupils suffer poor health or a physical disability/impairment, this may restrict their development opportunities.” 1.2 Describe how physical development might impact upon communication and intellectual development * If a child suffers with visual problems, they may not be able to develop their reading skills at the same rate as other children and my not contribute in group reading activities. * If a child is dyslexic, they may be struggling with certain subjects and therefore lack in confidence to tell someone they are struggling. * If a child suffers with autism, they may suffer delayed walking and this could cause them to fall behind interacting with others if they can’t get up and play with them. For example they may lack confidence to take part in sport activities or to socialise with peers. Or they may have problems with their memory and ability to learn at the same pace as their peers.
E3-E4 Provide information about a range of factors which may affect children’s health and well-being at differing times in their lives Include evidence of the effects of these factors on children’s health There are many factors that affect children’s health these can be social, psychological and physical factors. Neglect is when a parent or carer of a child does not care or provide for a child adequately. When looking after children physical, emotional and educational well-being must be paramount. Neglect also occurs when the parent or carer does not seek the correct medical attention that the child needs this could seriously affect the child’s health and when children are not provided with sufficient food, shelter or clothing. Emotional needs of children need to be met ‘neglect can occur when parents abandon the child, or simply have no time to spend with the child, in essence leaving the child to raise himself’ (http://www.minddisorders.com/Kau-Nu/Neglect.html) see appendix ….
Repeated failures in one’s past can sometimes lead to a person to give up any expectations that he can have any influence over his future. There is a sense of futility that no matter what actions a person takes he is too incompetent to change the outcome. This learned helplessness can become pervasive and perpetuate the belief that there is no escape from a bad situation no matter what actions are taken. There may be rationalization that any change will be negative and the situation will be worse than before or that he does not deserve anything better. Once this person has established a certain acceptance of a situation, it becomes difficult for them to change or deviate from this path.
However we should adapt activities for them to joint in. Sensory impairment - If a child has a sensory impairment e.g. hearing this can affect them when mixing in groups they may not be able to hear what some say as they may be too far away or too many talking at once. Learning difficulties - a child that has a learning difficulty such as dyslexia may find it hard and frustrating, especially if they are reading as a class this may lead to behavioural problems or even not wanting to go to school which would then affect their development. 2.2 How children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors Poverty and deprivation - how and where a child grows up can have an effect on their health development they may have medical problems like asthma.
It is often at this point that they become labelled as troublemakers. They get excluded from schools which can further encourage negative behaviours and so the circle continues. This can often affect the young persons ability to form and maintain relationships and can even ultimately have an impact on their mental health. Many young people don’t understand themselves what help they need, that coupled with possible communication
Ass 1 Task 4; Explain how children and young people`s development is influenced by a range of external factors. Some external factors that could influence children are; childcare arrangements, family, poverty previous education and where they live. If a child has been taken into care or has been moved around a lot this child could be unsettled and they might misbehave as they are afraid of rejection. This could also happen if a child`s parents separate the child would feel under pressure to choose a parent or that a parent might leave. Family can have a big effect on a child’s development for example if the child is an only child he / she will not know how to socialise with other children.