However we should adapt activities for them to joint in. Sensory impairment - If a child has a sensory impairment e.g. hearing this can affect them when mixing in groups they may not be able to hear what some say as they may be too far away or too many talking at once. Learning difficulties - a child that has a learning difficulty such as dyslexia may find it hard and frustrating, especially if they are reading as a class this may lead to behavioural problems or even not wanting to go to school which would then affect their development. 2.2 How children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors Poverty and deprivation - how and where a child grows up can have an effect on their health development they may have medical problems like asthma.
this impacts on the life chances of the young person because they may not be able to fully put their trusts in the adults around them because of all the new changes they have gone through. They may struggle to ask for help in later life and rely on themselves more. A young person may have moved schools which will interrupt their education and mean they will not do so well in class and could become disruptive to other pupils. A young person may become resentful of their parents and communication could of broken down, and this could to lead to them having negative feelings about themselves. This could mean that a young person turns to drugs or alcohol and not be able to access higher education or get a good job.
Some other possible impacts of social, economic and cultural factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people can be as follows: Personal choice: A family may decide to live in a way that differs from others such as communal living or same gender parents. A travelling community child may have their schooling affected if they leave and join new schools as they travel. Housing and community: There can be a negative affect on children’s development if they have poor quality housing or cramped conditions. Families can become isolated if they live in a community where children have challenging anti-social behaviours, this can make them unwilling to let their child play in the community. Health facilities and education can be tricky to access if transport is limited.
This negativity affecting the brain can make processing problems difficult for the child understand social relationships or harder for the child to complete academic tasks without assistance or intervention from others. Lack of medical care and attention may result
Ass 1 Task 4; Explain how children and young people`s development is influenced by a range of external factors. Some external factors that could influence children are; childcare arrangements, family, poverty previous education and where they live. If a child has been taken into care or has been moved around a lot this child could be unsettled and they might misbehave as they are afraid of rejection. This could also happen if a child`s parents separate the child would feel under pressure to choose a parent or that a parent might leave. Family can have a big effect on a child’s development for example if the child is an only child he / she will not know how to socialise with other children.
Factors such as these make it very difficult for a student to adjust socially, or develop problem-solving skills in the classroom and therefore lead to disruptive behavior problems (Yell, et al, 2009). External factors originate in the child’s environment. For example the home life of a student can trigger EBD.
This could lead them to being unable to form positive and stable friendships due to disruptive behaviour, being unable to achieve academic goals or, in worse scenarios, imprisoned. Moreover if the parent or guardian is the role model exposing them to unlawful behaviour is it possible the parent may be jailed and the child may be bullied or taken into care. Poverty usually results from a low income. Lack of funds can result in poor nutrition from a bad diet, lack of adequate clothing and unsuitable housing. Separately or collectively these aspects are likely to impact negatively within the education environment as the child is: unlikely to own the latest 'must-have' accessories; unlikely to attend trips or be involved in extra-curricular activities; possible to be under stress and experience depression; likely to have low self-esteem or sense of well-being as a result of bullying or low expectations from teachers and parents.
2.1 Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors Health, Disability & Social if the health of a child is poor this could make an impact on their development. For example, a child with uncontrolled asthma or cystic fibrosis will not be able to be as active as other children meaning there physical development will not be as advanced as the others, not being able to get out and about playing with other children as much as others could also affect the child’s social development meaning they may not have as many friend as the other children and would make it hard for the child to make friends as they grow older. Learning Difficulties Children with that have a difficulty learning and developing new skills may be falling behind their generation, this will have a really big impact on every factor of development such as physical, social and intellectual skills. Children with this issue may also find it difficult to communicate with other children and stay interested whilst having a conversation. Schools offer lots of support to children with learning difficulties such as one to one lessons to keep the child up to date on their education like the other children.
Sometimes the behaviour, skills and interests that children show are dependent on their ethnic, cultural or linguistic background. For example, a child who does not take part in the story of the three little pigs may not feel comfortable because they are seen as unclean. Even so, the observer may see this as the child not being interested in drama. | Disability or specific requirements | Some children may have a disability or particular needs that need to be met. These need to be taken into consideration when observing and assessing.