However we should adapt activities for them to joint in. Sensory impairment - If a child has a sensory impairment e.g. hearing this can affect them when mixing in groups they may not be able to hear what some say as they may be too far away or too many talking at once. Learning difficulties - a child that has a learning difficulty such as dyslexia may find it hard and frustrating, especially if they are reading as a class this may lead to behavioural problems or even not wanting to go to school which would then affect their development. 2.2 How children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors Poverty and deprivation - how and where a child grows up can have an effect on their health development they may have medical problems like asthma.
If a parent is always stressed and worried there child will sense this and not feel as loved as a parent who is more warm and comforting. This does not mean that a parent doesn’t love their child but the way they are each emotionally will have an effect on their level of attachment. A child’s temperament can be shown at a very young age you will see this in the child’s level of activity, emotionally and socially. If a child is always upset and crying when they are at daycare or with a caregiver this will also affect their level of attachment it will be much harder for that child to be cared for and the love and comfort a child needs will not meet as the child’s temperament is affecting this attempt for attachment. A child’s temperament can affect a child's choice of activities and environments.
Social factors – An example of a possible social factor could be a young person having to deal with the separation of their parents. The young person being brought up in this setting living with one parent and visiting the other parent in a new home may have a negative impact on a child emotionally. This separation from having both parents around you in the same home to having only one parent in the family home can cause a child to feel very upset and alone during this transition. This will also cause a lot of confusion, insecurities including lack of trust to adults around them and becoming afraid of caring for adults in and around their family homes. Another example could be the young person offending or being involved in anti social behaviour.
For example the background of a child affects the child in many ways. Most children from broken or unstable family background with a lack of parental guidance, can lack self-esteem, may be withdrawn from their studies and have the tendency to be aggressive at school. Whereas children from stable family with both parents and parental guidance, would have confidence, there more likely to be attentive in class and emotionally stable. . Health It is important that a child has a healthy diet, a good sleeping pattern and lots of routine in their life to help them engage in physical activities.
It is often at this point that they become labelled as troublemakers. They get excluded from schools which can further encourage negative behaviours and so the circle continues. This can often affect the young persons ability to form and maintain relationships and can even ultimately have an impact on their mental health. Many young people don’t understand themselves what help they need, that coupled with possible communication
Misdiagnosing ADHD in Children When impulsive behavior, restlessness, absent-mindedness are the norm for a child, it may be a sign of ADHD. This illness is misunderstood by most of the population and thought of as an excuse for parents who cannot control their children, but “ADHD is very real, with very real symptoms, behaviors, and treatments” (Dr. Ronald Martino, 2008). The symptoms of ADHD are similar to the characteristics a young child with an inquisitive mind may posses, children get fidgety, impatient, curious, and emotional from time to time. Sometimes their attention wanders, they have questions they want answered, or they quiet simply need to run around and release some energy. However, the symptoms of ADHD are more serious than that of a child who has an inquisitive disposition.
Emotional needs of children need to be met ‘neglect can occur when parents abandon the child, or simply have no time to spend with the child, in essence leaving the child to raise himself’ (http://www.minddisorders.com/Kau-Nu/Neglect.html) see appendix …. Neglect can affect the child’s development. An example of how neglect can affect a child’s health is poor nutrition, if the correct nutrients are not are not available to children the child’s growth development will not follow the normal pattern and developmental stages will be delayed. ‘Common physical and psychological reactions to neglect include stunted growth, chronic medical problems, inadequate bone and muscle growth, and lack of neurological development that negatively affects normal brain functioning and information processing.’ (http://www.minddisorders.com/Kau-Nu/Neglect.html#ixzz2HxRH2n98) see appendix …. This negativity affecting the brain can make processing problems difficult for the child understand social relationships or harder for the child to complete academic tasks without assistance or intervention from others.
Ass 1 Task 4; Explain how children and young people`s development is influenced by a range of external factors. Some external factors that could influence children are; childcare arrangements, family, poverty previous education and where they live. If a child has been taken into care or has been moved around a lot this child could be unsettled and they might misbehave as they are afraid of rejection. This could also happen if a child`s parents separate the child would feel under pressure to choose a parent or that a parent might leave. Family can have a big effect on a child’s development for example if the child is an only child he / she will not know how to socialise with other children.
Poverty can result from low income, unemployment, parental separation, illness or disability, addictions or criminal activities, all of which can lead to children suffering from malnutrition or poor diet as a result of not being able to afford quality food, which could result in lack of concentration or poor performance in school. They could suffer from other health related issues, which could limit opportunities and influence the child's outcome in life. They could get bullied as a result of their clothing or because they do not have the latest must have accessories. Children who
2.1 Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors Health, Disability & Social if the health of a child is poor this could make an impact on their development. For example, a child with uncontrolled asthma or cystic fibrosis will not be able to be as active as other children meaning there physical development will not be as advanced as the others, not being able to get out and about playing with other children as much as others could also affect the child’s social development meaning they may not have as many friend as the other children and would make it hard for the child to make friends as they grow older. Learning Difficulties Children with that have a difficulty learning and developing new skills may be falling behind their generation, this will have a really big impact on every factor of development such as physical, social and intellectual skills. Children with this issue may also find it difficult to communicate with other children and stay interested whilst having a conversation. Schools offer lots of support to children with learning difficulties such as one to one lessons to keep the child up to date on their education like the other children.