3.2 explain the reason why children and young people development may not follow the expected pattern ? There are many reasons why development may not follow the normal pattern.it is important to know the pattern of the order the child is meant to develop in so you can support the child and the family. Development can be Influenced by many different factors ,including health, disability environment and family background. Some of the few things that can have a a influence on the development of children and young people. Health Chronic conditions such as asthma can cause children to have time off school, infections like meningitis causes development delay.
P1 Outline why children and young people may need to be looked after away from their families Interviewer: Why do you think some children need to be looked after by the state? Interviewee: I think some children need to be looked after by the state because of family breakdown. Bereavement/loss of the parent as it is the hardest thing to deal with especially when there is a child involved. This will be hard for the parent as they have lost their partner and know they have to look after the child on their own. This may cause difficulties because the child could become neglected.
It may also be because the child has committed an offence. Some possible causes in behaviour which might lead to problems for children, young people and their families may include stress, anxiety and depression. Many children suffer from stress, leading to poor school performance and emotional and behavioural problems. Stress may be the result of an unstable home life or feeling of being unloved. Their parents may not have the skills for bringing up children, or the child feels the demands for achievement and success are unrealistic.
Children who have run away behaviour those parents find difficult to manage alone. Also children who truancy off school is another behaviour that may lead to the child’s needs to be placed in the foster care systems. Deaths: Sometimes children have to be put in care because family are unable to care for the child after the death of a parent children maybe looked after by the local authority most often it is because the child’s parents or the people who have parental responsibilities and rights to look after the child are unable to care for them. Have been neglected them or the child has committed an offence his local authority has specific responsibilities and duties for a child who is being looked after such as: 1. The local authority accommodation under a voluntary arrangement where the child’s patents agree to the child being
2.1 Describe with examples the kinds of young people’s development inclu influences that affect children andding: * Background * Health * Environment | Examples | Affect | BackgroundHealth Environment | Parents relationshipParents stylesReligion and cultureStep-familyPovertySiblingsIllness and diseaseNutritionProper RestHeredityStressSports and physical activity Noise OvercrowdingParents employmentFamily problems Neighbourhood | Parents that are going through a marriage breakdown, divorce and separation can be stressful for all involved particularly the children and young people. They could get very upset, could go very quiet, could stop eating and could even stop talking. Parents who think that education is not important have a negative input so they don’t encourage their children to get a good education. Parents with a lack of ability will not be able to help their children with their homework, this could be affect on their development.Children will be part of different ethnic background and cultures. Children’s belief may cause them emotional conflict when they want to participate in some physical activities which go against their family’s wishes or religious beliefs.
T.D.A 2.1 3.3 Each child will experience different changes in their lives. These are known as transitions and can be as common as starting school to changes of the body, to transitions only some children and young people may experience, such as the seperation of parents to abuse. These transitions will affect children and young people in their development and show in ther behaviour. The move from primary school to secondary school is a transition every child will encounter. It can affect the child in many ways as they can become nervous and anxious resulting in them becoming withdrawn and have a lack of confidence at the thought of a new school, they may be leaving close friendship groups making them upset and feeling alone.
Children’s friendship with others help them develop their emotional understanding, interaction, empathy and social skills. Children who lack friends tend to feel isolated, suffer insecurities and usually withdraw themselves more. They may struggle to communicate, share and understand the needs and feelings of others. As they grow older the insecurities may lead to self-hate and self-harm. They will also lack people to confide in or go to for advice Child neglect, often overlooked, is the most common form of child maltreatment.
The perpetrator may have been abused as a child; violence may have become a means of resolving disputes in the family/social network. Family history of violence. The stress of caring for a physically and/or mentally frail adult without adequate support can lead to abusive behavior towards the adult. Other events may have occurred to exacerbate the situation, such as a job loss, moving house, the death of a significant other, or financial problems. Dependency on the vulnerable person for money, shelter or emotional support can arouse resentment, sometimes abuse.
They may have feelings of loss or guilt about the father not being in the home. The child may feel responsible for the parent’s leaving the home. Children sometimes accept blame for things going wrong at home when they really should not. While researching the literature on children from single-parent homes and juvenile delinquency some of the same factors presented regarding delinquent behavior. The literature also reports that without stability in their lives these children are at risk to be victims as well as perpetrators of violence.
Difficulty with reading and writing If a child is having problems with reading and writing this could cause concern. This could be recognised, as a child would be at a delayed rate to the rest of his/her peers. This could affect the child’s /young person’s behaviour/social development...Low self esteem and loss of confidence may be a result. With peers of the same being more advanced ridicule and bullying may result Learning to communicate is one of the main skills a child needs to help them develop in all areas. They can quickly fall behind from peers of the same age.