University of Phoenix Material Developmental Stages Matrix Complete the matrix by listing out the various changes in each age group. |Developmental Stage |Physical changes |Cognitive changes |Socioemotional changes | |Infancy |Physical growth is at the fastest rate during |Uses the Sensorimotor stage of development. The |During infancy is when a child develops the bond with| | |infancy. Young infants learn to roll over, sit up, |infant uses sensory and motor contact to explore and |his or her guardian. An infant will learn who the | | |crawl, and walk within 12 to 15 months of birth.
Later they will discover their hands and legs. As time goes on they will be able to start crawling, trying to stand up and even try to walk . At the age of one most babies can climb up the stairs (under supervision). Children at two years age are very mobile. They will be able to throw and kick a ball but may not be very confident to catch it.
A Childs Development is continuous and develops in stages. This can be measured in a number of ways taking a holistic approach, looking at the person as a whole . Physical, social/emotional, intellectual, communication and language. Physical Development 0-3 months. During this time the infant will sleep much of the time and will grow quite fast.
Baby will reach to grab objects and those objects start to go in their mouths. By the time they are a year old, a child will sit unaided, will start to crawl or shuffle and will be able to stand with support. Baby will raise his arms to be lifted and respond to his name. Hand to eye co-ordination improves and baby now looks for hidden objects, reaches for food and passes objects from hand to hand. From 1 to 2 years, baby will start walking and toys will usually be pushed or pulled along as an aid.
He will have primitive reflexes, such as grasping and sucking. By 3 months he will be able to kick his legs, play with his own hands and lift his own head. At 6 months, he will be able to sit with support and pass a toy from one hand to the other.He will have made a large transition by 9 months and may sit without support, crawl or shuffle and will begin to use his index, middle finger and thumb together to pick up small items. He will have begun to walk unaided by 18 months, can use a spoon and will attempt to kick a ball. By 2 years, he will be able to use a pencil to make simple forms, build a tower of six bricks and start to use his preferred hand.
Environment 14 up wards At this age if a child has not been able to move away from poverty area then their life will be fighting to improve it on little money and a lot of hope At this age the lack of parents input can course problems, emotionally and they don't always understand how money works as they have always been given it. Most would rather have parents love then money. Restricted environment can stop children becoming all they can be and cause disruptive and emotional behavioural outbursts or go the other way and can close inside them
Assignment * Complete the 5 tables attached, showing the sequence and rate of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. Date Table 1 – Physical development Age Range | Explain the sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | * From birth reflexes turn head to suckle when cheek is touched. * Flex fingers, arms, legs. * At four weeks she can follow light as it moves. * The ability to move head and limbs * Fingers grasp * Legs make a ‘stepping’ movement when held upright.
It is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. 0 – 3 Years Physical development at this stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something.
Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. By one year old they are beginning to crawl or shuffle, pulling or pushing on furniture to stand and then cruise using furniture or adult for support. Sitting has progressed to unaided and they are rolling from their front to their back. They are beginning to be inquisitive with objects, passing them between hands, handling them in different ways and looking for things that are hiding.
They will be able to pull or push against adult hands or furniture to reach a standing position between 6 months-1 year. Walking skill shows up at 18 months of age, in a quite unsteady way though. Will be by the age of 3 when they can run, jump or pedal a tricycle. About fine motor skills, grasping by using the whole hand (palmer grasp) usually starts at around 4 months of age, it develops fast and around 10 month they are able to grasp using a pincer grasp (using the thumb and index finger) and use hand-eye co-ordination. Intellectually: information babies get about the world comes to them through their senses, as their cognitive skills develop they are able to make sense of