Technological advancements, quality of everyday life, and poor working conditions became major issues raised by the growth of Manchester, and people reacted to these issues in both negative and positive ways. Manchester became a hub of technological advancements, causing both positive and negative effects on everyday life. As seen on the maps in Document 1, in the course of a hundred years, Manchester's size more than tripled. Canals and railroads were built and much more area was being developed. This would mean a much larger population working in factories and more people easily able to move to Manchester to work.
Chapter 30 Factory system: The factory system replaced both the putting out system and proto industrial factories and was the characteristic method of production in industrial economies. Many of the new machines being made were too large and expensive for household use and were required to be in a bigger building. Engineers and entrepreneurs began to make complicated machines for large scale production. The significance of the factory system was it brought together more workers doing specialized tasks than ever before. It created jobs for people who never used to be able to work in the factory setting because the workers were required to do one task instead of the whole job.
The initiative of the government to take interest of the works, modernization of the infrastructure, opening of schools, providing proper sanitations and bringing about health and water facilities (Urbanization During the Industrial Revolution, 2010). The formation of labor unions during the first Industrial revolution brought a surge of new workers into the workplace. Because of the abundance of laborers available made individual workers expendable and led to decreased wages (Hackett, 1992). Underage workers were also heavily present in many jobs. Health and safety conditions in the workplace were poor and workers had little recourse.
Railroads are considered to be a symbol of national unity because they connect places within it, and of economic progress since they open new commercial areas. Railroads opened new areas to commercial farming and creating a national market for manufactured goods. Extremely important was the fact that railroads divided the nation into the four time zones still used today. Self-made men were men who came from low origins but manage to become business leaders who accumulated enormous fortunes and economic power. For example, Carnegie was an immigrant who after hard work established the “vertical integration” steel company.
Its economy skyrocketed from productions and advances in food and textiles. Changes in textile machinery, large population of workers, and changes in agriculture contribute to why the revolution began in England. The revolution provided plentiful jobs, increased the wealth of the nation, produced more goods to satisfy a growing population, and helped raise the standard of living. Changes in textile machinery, large population of workers, and changes in agriculture contribute to why the revolution began in England. The famous phrase that sums up the Industrial Revolution in England is: “Land, Labor,
The early days of the Industrial revolution from 1800 to 1837 are a big change for America. It is principally a transformation in the economy due to the creations of new industries. Indeed, America shifts from an agrarian handcraft economy to a modern and technological one. However, even though the industrial changes brought economic advantages, it also brought stratification among Americans. In one side there is the working class fighting for his rights, and on the other side middle and upper class seeking their profits.
Before the Industrial Revolution goods were sacred, jobs were low, and there was not much produce, and while during the industrial revolution up until present day everything has changed. There is now a mass production of numerous produces and jobs had started to increase in all areas. The revolution was an era of change, independence on production, and the rise of many different industrial leaders, while some were considered robber barons and others were considered captains of industry. With robber barons those people are considered powerful business men who used criminal and unethical ways of becoming wealthy and or powerful. While with captains of industry they are considered businessmen who tried to help contribute to the community with jobs, the market, and productivity of certain buildings.
As explained by Friedrich Engles, people only regard each other only as useful objects, exploiting one another. Engels also explains that in the end, the stronger treads the weaker under foot. This philosophy applies to all laborers in the factories within the eighteenth and nineteenth century, in particular the children in said factories. Child labor would be used for cheap labor in which allowed for the factory owners to hire these workers for little wages and to maximize their own profits. This evil of child labor was addressed in many acts and reforms of the government.
Machine shops began to quickly spring up and the need for engineers and skilled workers to oversee factory operation grew. The wage rates also grew for both skilled and unskilled workers. In turn, engineering colleges began to be established to fill this enormous demand for more expertise. The bureaucracy of the railroad system also became more complex and began to use middle managers, setting up specific careers paths. Young men would be hired at the ages of 18-21 and be promoted until about the age of 40 or so, where they would reach the status of a locomotive engineer, station agent, or conductor.
Industrialization cast a broad spectrum of effects on workers in the United States between the years of 1865 and 1914. For some, these effects prevailed successful, but for most they caused disposition and bitterness towards the United States government. Unions formed, workers gained rights, lost them and gained them back again, and strikes were a prominent gesture in expressing the dissatisfaction of the workers. One impact of industrialization on manufacturing was the development of the assembly line, along with numerous factories utilized to produce goods. One technological advancement made was the ability to transport goods more safely and easily.