All of these issues helped to shape the American nation and its people. After the Civil War, the development of improved industrial methods and the arrival of masses of immigrants eager for factory jobs launched a new era of mass production in the United States. The nation turned its efforts toward economic recovery and expansion. America's abundant supply of natural resources, such as coal and oil, encouraged investment. Much of this investment came from already industrialized countries like Germany, Great Britain, and France whose business owners looked for new investment opportunities in the United States.
America had the resources to solely rely on agricultural, but the incoming of new inventions made it harder to pass up a great opportunity and America had to use these innovations to their advantage. The Industrial Revolution brought many settlers to America to work in the growing factories. More workers meant more production, thus creating an economic boom in America. This economic boom was also the start of prosperity for the people in America. The fact that people would travel West and have a new way of life using the new technology and at the same time being able to have land that was all their own.
He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries, such as Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation. He realised that he would have to have policies that would allow individual business people to start factories and encourage metalwork. His policies were successful, because industrial growth increased on average by 8% a year between 1890 and 1899, which was the highest growth rate of any of the world’s major economies. When Witte placed more emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that more jobs were created in towns and cities, this allowed Serfs to come from rural areas in the hope of a better way of life, which
He linked industrial growth with a stronger nation politically and economically, and was inspired by the more developed nations in the west. He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries like Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation. He realised that he would have to have policies that would allow individual business people to start factories and encourage metalwork. His policies were successful, because industrial growth increased on average by 8% a year between 1890 and 1899, which was the highest growth rate of any of the world’s major economies. When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were created in towns and cities.
Along with the “working class” came the rights of men during work, like for example the limit of daily working hours, and the breaks a worker must have between its hours of work. Britain would be the perfect example of letting the economy be their driving force in their empire. Britain had years of experience in Imperialism. When “creating an empire” started to get popular around Europe, Britain had already a large empire, which gave them more military power. Britain was remarkable for the freedom it provided for private enterprise.
Chapter 22: The Early Industrial Revolution 1760- 1851 I. Causes of the Industrial revolution i. Population Growth * Many factors caused the increase in population growth, some including, reliable food supplies, high birthrates and immunity to diseases * Children were the majority of the population * Migration also allowed population growth; people move from the country side to the cities * Industrial Revolution: The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes that occurred in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. ii. Agricultural Revolution * Agriculture Revolution: The agricultural revolution was a period of agricultural development between the 18th century and the end of the 19th century, which saw a massive and rapid increase in agricultural production * It began before the 18th century .Farmers increased agricultural production, milk production, and the addition of new crops * Many wealthy landowners invested in new farming techniques and new crops * The wealthy secluded their lands to apply new methods on their farm crops iii. Trade and Inventiveness * Demands for goods increased in Europe * Population growth and agricultural production increase were added to the growth and trade and technology demands * Eli Whitney and John Hall invented the machine tools that were capable of making other machines * Benjamin Franklin and others experimented with electricity iv.
What was the key invention that helped America chug ahead in the industrial race around the world? The railway system ignited many other inventions in the last third of the nineteenth century, and helped America grow into the strong industrial nation it is today. The railway system helped “the movement of settlers further and further west accompanied by technological advances led to the major growth of cities and industries across the American frontier,” (Transportation and the Expansion of America). Railroads improved how we communicated as a nation, and helped us transform our economy for a regional agrarian economy to a national industrial economic superpower. The communication in America increased immensely due to the growth of the railways.
Companies fought the government and the courts for the right to become incorporated and to reap its many benefits. Capitalism has adapted in order to continue making profits. Capitalism was the primary reason for the shift from Fordism to Post-Fordism, as Post-Fordism was a more efficient model of production meaning greater profits. Capitalism requires ever expanding markets and constantly evolving methods of production, lest it cease to exist (Marx & Engels, 1848). In order to achieve this a production revolution of sorts took place in many advanced economies, countries shifted from Fordism to Post-Fordism.
There are various reasons for Great Britain to start the Industrial Revolution in the 1750s. Factors that benefited Great Britain to industrialized were the country’s geography, natural resources, agricultural change, and last but not least political and economic conditions. It happened in Great Britain first and soon started to spread to France, Germany, United States, and Japan by the end of the 1800s. Later, industrialization spread throughout the world, which became a huge advantage for the nation’s economy and government. As an island nation, Great Britain had many natural resources and harbors.
The industrialization benefited America because it allowed for mass production, it increased jobs, and it caused cities to grow. Industrialization caused the United States to be looked at as a world power. It put items that only the rich could have, into the poor people’s hands. The rise of inventions helped the everyday lives of the US citizens. The invention of the light bulb and telephone illuminated the homes, and allowed millions of people to connect with each other.