Great Britain's Industrialization

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There are various reasons for Great Britain to start the Industrial Revolution in the 1750s. Factors that benefited Great Britain to industrialized were the country’s geography, natural resources, agricultural change, and last but not least political and economic conditions. It happened in Great Britain first and soon started to spread to France, Germany, United States, and Japan by the end of the 1800s. Later, industrialization spread throughout the world, which became a huge advantage for the nation’s economy and government. As an island nation, Great Britain had many natural resources and harbors. Natural harbors and rivers contributed to fast and convenient trading and shipping. Large supplies of coal and iron (Document 1) assist energy to run machines and to build machines, tools, and buildings. Summarized in Document 2, England is fortunate to possess natural conditions such as the advantages of having both coal and iron, good quality wool produced by sheep, and plentiful of harbors. No part of England was father than seventy miles from the sea. Surrounded by water, the nation is well protected from invasion. Fewer invasions meant fewer chaos and damages brought to the country. Great Britain had a stable government that supported economic growth. It had a banking system; People were able to get back loans easily which encouraged people to invest in new machinery, railroads, and factories. Businesses were well protected by Parliament laws. Great Britain built a strong navy to protect its empire and overseas trade. There was no internal trade barrier, which encouraged internal British trade and circulation of good, thus strengthens Britain’s domestic economy. The demands for goods increased as farmers started to move from rural farms to urban cities. Small farms were combined to make larger, more productive one. According to Document 3, Jethro Tull
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