Section 3 CHAPTER 9 Industrial development in the United States paralleled industrialization in Britain. What were some favorable conditions that sparked industrialization in both Britain and the United States? Many new machines were powered by running water, so inventors built spinning mills near rivers and hired many workers to run the machines. The new machines led to the growth of the factory system, which brought workers and machines together in one place to manufacture goods What factors led to the great expansion of U.S. industry in the late 1800s? The USA started exporting and importing goods with other countries.
It also had a stable government, which allowed for the people to begin industrializing in the first place, harbors for trade, a very large population resulting in a very large workforce, and many water ways throughout the country to transport materials and products as well as to use for water power at mills. There are several reasons why the Industrial revolution started in the first place. One reason being that there was widespread resistance to disease in Europe as well as a reliable food supply, allowing for steady population growth, which in return created more demand for products, which in turn resulted in new ways of producing products more efficiently in response to demand. As a result of Industrialization, a new economic philosophy arose. Capitalism called for the lack of government intervention in the economy.
Pioneers of electric lighting, Charles F. Brush and Thomas Edison brought important additions to the industrial growth. The United States economy relied greatly on railroads and with the new techniques of iron and steel manufacturing, dominated by Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick, the railroad system controlled by tycoons such as Cornelius Vanderbilt, James J. Hill, Collis R. Huntington, expanded significantly. The automobile industry saw its first magnate, Henry Ford who produced the first cars in 1895. John D. Rockefeller marked the oil industry by starting his corporate empire shortly after the Civil War. The “captains of industry” contributed substantially to
To what extent did economic developments in Germany in the period 1900-1914 pose a threat to the power of the elites? For Germany, the years leading up to the First World War were filled with extreme levels of progress. A lot of their main industries thrived such as the coal, iron, steel and chemical industry. The urbanisation of Germany stimulated a population boom and changed the structure of German society. The rapid growth of old and new industries led to a population migration from rural to urban areas.
In the mid-1800’s, industrialization swept Europe, allowing new ideas, business’s, and commercial production to flourish. Imperialistic industrialized nations, such as Britain, led to the spread of industry into its colonies’, which had an abundance of raw materials but different characteristics that shaped industry. This can be seen in the similarities and differences in the mechanization of the cotton industry between 1880 – 1930 in Japan and India. Similarities were seen in the rapid increase of textile production and the direct decline of the conditions of factory workers, who in both countries were mainly peasant farmers, while differences were seen in the dramatic difference in the gender that made up the majority of the labor force.
Bedford Academy High School Armand Parchment Mr. Terry A.P. World History February 11, 2012 Chapter Summary: Chapter 22 The population of Europe rose during the eighteenth century-slowly at first, faster after 1780, then at an even faster pace during the earl nineteenth century. The fastest growth took place in Wales and in England. Population there rose from 5.5 million in 1688 to 9 million in 1801 and 18 million by 1851-increases never before experienced in European history. The growth of population resulted from more reliable food supplies, thanks to the new crops that originated in the Americas and widespread resistance to disease.
These machines that were invented helped to make work more efficient. In DBQ 12, document 6, says that there were many machines that increased the speed and quantity or the work that was being done such as the Flying Shuttle, and Spinning Jenny. Scientist, who sought out a need of faster and better work, invented these machines. The creation of the machines was the basis of the Industrial Revolution. In DBQ 12, document 5, it states, “The stream of English scientific thought was one of the main tributaries [causes] of the industrial revolution”.
This can be demonstrated through the examination of urbanization, the rise of new classes, theories (by Smith, Malthus and Ricardo), and factory conditions. The industrial revolution began with tinkers introducing new inventions that were going to dramatically improve the way people produced goods. These new machines (such as the water frames, cotton gins, power looks, and the spinning jenny) enabled different industries (like the Textile industry to produce products in mass quantities. In consequence, these new methods of production made other approaches such as the cottage industry obsolete. These new techniques may have allowed for ample production of goods and prices of goods to drop, ultimately increasing consumerism; inevitably though, it had a destructive effect on the old-fashioned methods of production.
Development of Health Care Services Part One: Identify and give reasons for the developments in public health and health care provision in England during the 1800s to present day. Identify the changing demographic trends and social attitudes to the health during this period. Analyse the effect of these changes on the provision of public health amenities and health care. 1800's - Edwin Chadwick and his report into Sanitary Conditions In the early 19th Century due to the industrial revolution there was a large strain on all towns and cities. Urbanisation occurred due to better agricultural machinery, producing more food in rural areas, this accounted for a thriving population, however employment opportunities outnumbered population forcing people to migrate from rural areas to urban cities seeking employment from industrial factories (Jenkins 2002).