Industrial Revolution Essay Topic : To what extent did the Industrial Revolution bring about positive change. By : Max Chung The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century made an overall positive impact on Western society. Introduction of factories, the assembly line, new inventions, the development of electricity, and the railroads all contributed to quicker and efficient production of goods and materials. However, it had a negative impact on the people as well. As factories were invented, there were much more pollution compared to the past which brought many health problems to the people.
Britain was covered in a railway network by the end of the Industrial Revolution. This was significant because it allowed goods and people to be transported quickly and easily,
With this new development, entrepreneurs began to open new workshops and forced their employees to work long strenuous hours to produce their goods. A number of other factors contributed to Britain’s success in the Industrial Revolution. For one, it had great deposits of coal and iron ore, which was essential for industrialization. Additionally, Britain was a political stable society and a great marketplace for manufactured goods. As demand rose for British goods, merchants needed more cost effective methods of production, which led to the rise of mechanics and factory systems.
Employers launched brand new and completely innovative machinery. These innovations perform methods that diluted traditional craftsman skills. United States workers fought with countless European migrator for unskilled positions. Because periodic financial situations sweptback the land, high ranges of joblessness, reduced income, extended work time, and also inadequate working conditions sparked the business of labor unions, and also replicated strikes as well as protests. The labor unions increasingly thought and had the basic mission that workers might obtain higher income as well as superior working conditions not by means of political reform however by means of union strength in the workplace.
Title: Unions have played a significant role in workforce history, have they outlived their purpose. Abstract: Labor unions are lawfully recognized as envoys of employees in many companies in the United States. Activities of labor unions are centered on collective bargaining over workers’ benefits, working conditions, and salaries. They also stand in for their members in disagreements with management over the contract provisions violation. There are also larger unions that engage in activities of lobbying and electioneering at the federal or state level.
This also meant that the land was not used to it full potential, all these factors lead to the famines and causing peasants to up rise using violence against government officials. This was on the verge of the revolution. The deep resentment from the peasantry towards the Tsar increased after the war as lots of money had being invested in the war and Russia had lost. Moreover, Sergei Witte had tried to improve the economy of Russia but it was to make sure that the Russian social order stayed the same. Due to industrialisation, factories were built which lead to rapid growth of population in the towns and cities for example from 98 million in 1885 to 125 million in 1905.
In order to achieve this a production revolution of sorts took place in many advanced economies, countries shifted from Fordism to Post-Fordism. Fordism was based upon Henry Ford's use of production lines and mass production. This model de-skilled the workers involved and made flexibility on the production lines difficult. During the early 1960's a larger range of products were being demanded which meant that companies were losing profits as they could not keep up with demand due to the inflexible production process. The changes which came with the adoption of Post-Fordism were largely implemented to increase flexibility on the production line and consequently boost profits, as Mitchell stated “Post-Fordism has been portrayed as a
Much of this investment came from already industrialized countries like Germany, Great Britain, and France whose business owners looked for new investment opportunities in the United States. These investors put money into the work of mechanics and engineers with the expertise to develop new, more efficient ways of mass-producing goods. Machines benefited the United States by allowing business owners to specialize in the production of goods and manufacture them in large quantities to distribute throughout the nation or export. As a result, the cost of mass-produced goods went down as their quantity went up causing industrial profits to rise. With the creation of transcontinental railroads and telephones, marketing nationally was available to distribute these goods.
Based on this theory, the formation of classes occurred because of the continual development of the industry and the growing demand of the middle class. So as the industrial middle class transformed into wealthy, industrial individuals, the feudal system collapsed and changed to a primarily two-sided classification- the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Since the bourgeoisie predominantly owned the factories during the time, they were able to gain wealth and economic power; their economic power also gave them a lot of political sway. Additionally, unlike any other time before, the power that the industrial development brought the bourgeoisie changed the way people viewed their services. Before, those in power were able to manipulate the workers of the feudal system through religious
Communism and socialism are based on the philosophy of Karl Marx whom proposed the radical idea of eradicating capitalism. His theory was not just an idea in the 20th century it was rapid growing concept that began being evoked by World leading powers such as the Soviet Union and China, where previously successful revolutions took place. Socialism and Communism arose in the late 18th and early 19th century as a reaction to the economic, political and social changes associated with the Industrial Revolution. Rapid wealth increased to factory owners whereas workers became increasingly impoverished due to harsh living and working conditions. As this capitalist industrial system spread, reactions in the form of socialist thought increased making it obvious that there was a dyer need for a revolution.