First of all, during the Industrial Revolution, there were a lot of positive effects on the society which made peoples’ lives easier and a better place to live. There were a lot of changes especially on agriculture, transportation, manufacturing, and technology. Before the Industrial Revolution, majority of people had to work on land to produce food for their living, or everyone would starve. However, as the Industrial Revolution started to take place, new farm technologies were invented which led to an increase in food supply, which in turn led to an ongoing population. In addition, the population increase provided many people in the factories with machinery which was much more easier to work.
Since the Civil War ended in the late 1800’s, many inventions and innovations started to skyrocket in production, which led to what is now called the Industrial Revolution. This revolution really made an impact on how the people of America lived. Faster transportation, like the railroads and locomotives, made it easier for settlers to move out west where a lot of the industry work started. Inventions also made a huge impact on how people lived and made their daily lives easier. Some of these inventions were electricity, the sewing machine, the telephone, and the Model T Ford.
These events all lead to Militarism, a better economy and foreign trade, led to countries having more money to buy weapons. Population also meant more soldiers, and steel and iron production was transported easier due to trains and steam boats. By 1914, The triple alliance had more ships, 49 more warships and 125 more submarines (resources of the Great Powers in 1914). But the Triple Entente had more man power, 599000 thousand more. Germany tried to build a much stronger navy to show its power.
When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were created in towns and cities. Serfs came from rural areas in the hope of a better way of life, which led to urban areas quickly expanding. The populations of Moscow and St. Petersburg more than doubled between 1881 and 1910. A large textiles industry grew around Moscow
The main features of the industrial revolution was the massive economic boom. Britain began to produce more cotton and other materials than ever before. Towns grew rapidly because of new jobs on offer and wealth of the country rapidly grew. Charles dickens shows us in hard times you were either with lots of possessions or without any. He shows that the difference between rich and poor grew dramatically.
It began in Britain because at the time, it was one of the most powerful empires in the world. During the industrial revolution, many new inventions were invented to make the way of living easier and more efficient. The biggest technological advancement was the steam-powered engine invented in 1760 by James Watt. The machine ran on new fuels like petroleum and coal and was an important power source. The steam engine helped the textile and manufacturing industries produce more products.
Due to industrialisation, factories were built which lead to rapid growth of population in the towns and cities for example from 98 million in 1885 to 125 million in 1905. However though this meant that the economy was improving, the growth in population led to poor living and working conditions which increased social unrest. As trade unions had been made illegal there was no way to protest which lead to support for more radical
In the early 19th century, The Poor Law Act 1834 changed the approach to the poor, from the 1601 Poor Law Act. The attitude became a more punitive approach to deter people from claiming relief and get people back into work. Webb and Webb (1963). With the rise of the Industrial Revolution, competition for better paid jobs caused thousands of people to migrate from the rural areas of Britain, to the urban. Although the economy was fast growing, the over-populated, unsanitary conditions had a huge effect on people in Britain, particularly the working-class.
All of these issues helped to shape the American nation and its people. After the Civil War, the development of improved industrial methods and the arrival of masses of immigrants eager for factory jobs launched a new era of mass production in the United States. The nation turned its efforts toward economic recovery and expansion. America's abundant supply of natural resources, such as coal and oil, encouraged investment. Much of this investment came from already industrialized countries like Germany, Great Britain, and France whose business owners looked for new investment opportunities in the United States.
The use of steam made trains popular throughout Europe, and later in America. Railroads linked towns and cities together, providing the means for faster travel. However, there were a lot of disadvantages to the Industrial Revolution. Workers in the factories had low wages, long hours, and little to almost no worker safety. Women and children also had to work in coal mines because they were small.