Although the making of new transportation was dangerous and killed many workers, the ways the developments in transportation brought economic and social changes in the United States in the period 1820 to 1860 was because of the new railroads, the new types of transportation, and the way it helped make more income. The first reason why the developments in transportation brought social changes was because of the railroads. With new railroads people were now able to move all around the United States. Now that people were settling in new places it allowed the growth of cities. With all these growing cites, it really changed the way people lived.
Disregarding the heavy social costs of the Industrial Revolution, its material benefits outweighed them. This thesis will be defended by analyzing the benefits of the division of labor, how discipline in the factories allowed for successful industries, and most importantly the future technological advancements to create more efficient machinery. “The greatest improvement in the productive powers of Labour…seem to have been the effects of the division of labour” (The Division of Labor, 132). The division of labor played a role in the increase in mass production of goods by allowing different tasks to be completed concurrently. With the creation of the assembly line as well as the division of power, many workers would be able to complete a certain tasks simultaneously, thus increasing the production rate of goods and calling for a more efficient way to produce goods.
“While the Industrial Revolution had both positive and negative effects on society and the economy, the positive effects outweighed the negative.” The Industrial Revolution came to organize and provide much more benefits than harm in many ways and while change overall has both positive and negative effects the positives definitely outweighed the negative. Before the industrial revolution everything was much harder. Let’s take a look at various aspects that found to have more good than bad. Although one may view the fencing of the land owned by villagers and townspeople as an abuse, the reality was that at the time it was something needed. This had a much more positive effect because while the villagers lost land the enclosure resulted in efficient farming that produced more food.
It also had a stable government, which allowed for the people to begin industrializing in the first place, harbors for trade, a very large population resulting in a very large workforce, and many water ways throughout the country to transport materials and products as well as to use for water power at mills. There are several reasons why the Industrial revolution started in the first place. One reason being that there was widespread resistance to disease in Europe as well as a reliable food supply, allowing for steady population growth, which in return created more demand for products, which in turn resulted in new ways of producing products more efficiently in response to demand. As a result of Industrialization, a new economic philosophy arose. Capitalism called for the lack of government intervention in the economy.
The rapid growth of old and new industries led to a population migration from rural to urban areas. The agricultural industry was another of the industries that faced a lot of changes, mechanisation meant better yields which therefore meant that, less agricultural workers were needed. There is evidence to support and contradict whether or not those economic developments did in fact threaten the power of the elites. There is evidence to support the idea that the economic developments in Germany in the period 1900-1914 didn’t pose a threat to the power of the elites because economic growth and the opening up of new industries bring many benefits with them. While it has been argued that an exceptional economic growth caused some problems, the advantages that came with it, outweigh the negatives.
The technological advancements led to the emergence of factories and an exploding population surrounding them. Many advantages were gained during the Industrial Revolution, but it also had profound consequences on society. Two major social consequences included urbanization and child labor. During the Industrial Revolution there was an immense demand for cheap, unskilled labor. Families moved from rural areas to the newly industrialized cities to find work.
This can be demonstrated through the examination of urbanization, the rise of new classes, theories (by Smith, Malthus and Ricardo), and factory conditions. The industrial revolution began with tinkers introducing new inventions that were going to dramatically improve the way people produced goods. These new machines (such as the water frames, cotton gins, power looks, and the spinning jenny) enabled different industries (like the Textile industry to produce products in mass quantities. In consequence, these new methods of production made other approaches such as the cottage industry obsolete. These new techniques may have allowed for ample production of goods and prices of goods to drop, ultimately increasing consumerism; inevitably though, it had a destructive effect on the old-fashioned methods of production.
Evaluation of the Engines Impact on Society The Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester introduces some exhibits and inventions, which have an influence on human being. This essay will mention some of the engines from the power hall，and evaluate their impact on society with the negative aspects and the positive aspects. It is obvious that some engines have negative effect on the environment and the natural resources of the world. The more quickly the population grows, the more the engines are used. The inefficient engines consume too many resources so that people are anxious about that.
At this point in time, roads got improved and underwent repair on a larger extent; the production of railways skyrocketed in the German States. The expansion of railways increased industrialization and provided many raw materials, which could only be accessed to industries from far sources. Just like Zollverein, this made connections with one another (the German States) easier and promoted freedom, independence and prosperity. Germans began to see unity in factors other than language.
Although there are many key elements of the rapid industrialization during the 19th century that aided in producing the outcomes (Urbanization, Social Classes/Living Conditions, Inventions), the most significant features that gave life to industrial and social progression were the introduction of mechanization, and the improvements made to transportation during the era of the Industrial Revolution. Mechanization: The first and one of the most important positive aspects of the Industrial Revolution was the mechanization of most labor methods, which allowed for a higher rate of production for and contributed greatly to the economic expansion and development of Western societies. The first example of mechanical introduction during the early years of the Industrial Revolution was that of the cotton textile industry. Prior to the inventions of Elias Howe (sewing machine) and