The railways, particularly the Trans-Siberian railway, also gave Eastern Russia a link to Europe and Western Russia a link to the Pacific Ocean, which made it easier to export Russian goods. Therefore the Russian governments’ investment in railways was extremely successful in promoting economic growth. The Russian government was also successful in improving Russia’s heavy industry through the introduction of tariffs on imports. This clearly helped Russian heavy industry to expand as steel production increase eightfold from 1880 to 1905 and petroleum production increased over 2500% during the same time period. These tariffs, introduced by Vyshnedgradsky and continued by Witte, both increased revenue for the government and made
Technological advancements, quality of everyday life, and poor working conditions became major issues raised by the growth of Manchester, and people reacted to these issues in both negative and positive ways. Manchester became a hub of technological advancements, causing both positive and negative effects on everyday life. As seen on the maps in Document 1, in the course of a hundred years, Manchester's size more than tripled. Canals and railroads were built and much more area was being developed. This would mean a much larger population working in factories and more people easily able to move to Manchester to work.
In the years 1890-1914 in America, big businesses had a great impact on the growth of the economy. By the 1890 America was a booming economy due to the Steam Revolution of the 1830’s to the 1850’s, and the railroads supporting the growing US economy. Other factors are a huge number of unskilled and semi- skilled labour, talented entrepreneurs and the government willing to aid at all levels to stimulate economic growth. There are many factors suggesting that it was due to the rise of big businesses. One of them being that big businesses dominated the American economy, due to the chance of vertical integration.
By the outbreak of WW1 in August 1914, Germany was well established as a major and prominent world power. Such an achievement could be seen in the country’s industrial and economic strength, overseas colonies, extensive trading interests and its vast armies. Prior to the war of 1914, the people of Germany had a strong sense of pride, largely owing to their autocratic government and militaristic background. However,
Nationalism held the several German states together as one and a new German empire with Bismarck as emperor was formed. This brought on industrial and scientific progress in Germany causing their economy to prosper. When the Germans were unified and working together within themselves they became a leading role in Europe growing immensely in
Our economy has changed a lot throughout the years. The 1800s was vital economically for the United States. The events that occurred caused the United States to establish itself as a world power. The new inventions and the boost of the industrial revolution caused the United States to become one of the most predominant countries in the world. An event that sparked a lot of the events that had to do with boosting the economy during the 1800’s was the agricultural revolution.
The industrial revolution had a profound socioeconomic effect on the world, and Britain became its driving force due to its technological advances, such as James Watt’s steam engine; and Abraham Darby’s use of coke to smelt iron ore. These inventions were able to increase the production of goods by cutting down the time and effort needed to make them. There were several effects to Britain, and indeed the world, because of these developments. Britain manufactured products using raw materials. Raw materials do not make as much money as manufactured products on the world market, as a result industrialized countries made more money.
This enabled Germany to make regular easy payments. Eventually, this led to massive foreign investment in Germany. As a positive multiplier effect, factories were set up, jobs increased, unemployment declined, wealth was created and standard of living improved. Germany had begun to establish it’s stability as a nation. In addition to economic improvements, changes were made internationally, regarding foreign relations resulting in reclaiming their pride and status.
Alsatians would have not adapted to the customs if it wasn’t for the threats such as the one presented in Document 8, which was discussed in Group A. After the Treaty of Frankfurt announced that Alsace-Lorraine was to become a part of Germany, Alsatian deputies, angered, brought upon a declaration to the French National Assembly stating that the people of Alsace-Lorraine “have constantly sacrificed themselves in the cause of national greatness” and demanded annexation of Alsace-Lorraine with France, which is stated in document 2 and is reliable due to the powerful tone of which was intended. Édouard Teutsch (doc 5), after the annexation of Germany and Alsace-Lorraine, behalf of the Alsatian people, told the German Reichstag that annexing the territory would inflict German culture upon the Alsatians which would only finish with “ruin and death…descending upon our homes. Teutch also explained that it”was moral slavery”, and that the people’s “hearts are irresistibly attracted to our French fatherland.” Speaking on behalf the whole population, this document is reliable due to its intentions, which was to repel Germany from Alsace-Lorraine. Alsatian delegate, Jacques Priess, stated that “Germanization” had not progressed within the territory because Germany was unable to “win the heart and soul of the people.” This document, which is 7, is considered reliable because it really
This article also addresses the factors beyond the strength of Bismarck's Realpolitik that led to unification. The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation had been informally dissolved in 1806 with the abdication of the Emperor, Francis.  Despite the legal, administrative, and political disruption caused by the dissolution of the Empire, the people of the German-speaking areas of the old Empire had a common linguistic, cultural and legal tradition that was further enhanced by their shared experience in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. The spheres of influence model created after the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 supposedly established Austrian dominance in Central Europe. Prussia's rising competence, embodied in the Realpolitik of "Iron Chancellor" Bismarck, challenged the Austrian authority for real leadership within the German states.