By the beginning of the Civil War many large cities in the North such as Washington, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago were all connected. The large southern cities were connected as well Charleston, Memphis, Nashville, Mobile.  The superior Industrial capabilities of the North began to show with the growth of railroads prior to and during the Civil War. At the onset of the war it was known that the North was far more industrialized then the states of the South. The northern half of the country was an industrialized society focused on the development of large factories to produce goods at mass quantities.
He linked industrial growth with a stronger nation politically and economically, and was inspired by the more developed nations in the west. He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries like Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation. He realised that he would have to have policies that would allow individual business people to start factories and encourage metalwork. His policies were successful, because industrial growth increased on average by 8% a year between 1890 and 1899, which was the highest growth rate of any of the world’s major economies. When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were created in towns and cities.
Chapter 22: The Early Industrial Revolution 1760- 1851 I. Causes of the Industrial revolution i. Population Growth * Many factors caused the increase in population growth, some including, reliable food supplies, high birthrates and immunity to diseases * Children were the majority of the population * Migration also allowed population growth; people move from the country side to the cities * Industrial Revolution: The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes that occurred in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. ii. Agricultural Revolution * Agriculture Revolution: The agricultural revolution was a period of agricultural development between the 18th century and the end of the 19th century, which saw a massive and rapid increase in agricultural production * It began before the 18th century .Farmers increased agricultural production, milk production, and the addition of new crops * Many wealthy landowners invested in new farming techniques and new crops * The wealthy secluded their lands to apply new methods on their farm crops iii. Trade and Inventiveness * Demands for goods increased in Europe * Population growth and agricultural production increase were added to the growth and trade and technology demands * Eli Whitney and John Hall invented the machine tools that were capable of making other machines * Benjamin Franklin and others experimented with electricity iv.
He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries, such as Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation. He realised that he would have to have policies that would allow individual business people to start factories and encourage metalwork. His policies were successful, because industrial growth increased on average by 8% a year between 1890 and 1899, which was the highest growth rate of any of the world’s major economies. When Witte placed more emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that more jobs were created in towns and cities, this allowed Serfs to come from rural areas in the hope of a better way of life, which
Slavery and population had a big affect on the next 100 years of the United States history. The US also changed diversely with new innovations like roads, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. A few new innovations that changed or improved from 1776 to 1870 are the roadways, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. Roadways were an innovation that created a way for easier, and faster transportation. Waterways were also a way for transportation, to cut out a lot of land, and cut out time.
This increase was partly due to an influx of immigrants. 2 Immigration increased the U.S. population and it also created a new source of laborers. In addition to social changes, there were dramatic changes in the labor movement which happened between the years 1877 and the 1920s. With the end of the Civil War, industries began booming and the railroad industry especially increased: in fact, the railroad industry was the second largest industry in the United States and agriculture was the first largest. The year 1877 is famous for the Great Upheaval which is also known as the Great Railroad Strike of 1877.
Russia to a certain extent had managed to begin to develop a modern industrial economy by 1900, through railways being developed and coal and oil production being increased hugely. However it was still behind western powers in many was such as; the peasants still lived in very poor conditions and were most of Russia's population. Russia went through a great industrial spurt in the years 1982-1900, Russia's coal, iron, steel, and oil production tripled between the years of 1890 and 1900, growing quicker than any other European power at the time, between 1890 and 1900. With industrialization increasing many of the peasant flocked to the cities and became workers with the population of St Petersburg and Moscow increasing by over 100%. Much of the industrialization in Russia was due to the Minister of Finance, Sergei Witte whom was in charge from 1892 until 1903; he aimed to create a modern and industrial economy that would match that of Britain's and other western powers.
Radically differing from Bismarck’s approach to foreign policy, Weltpolitik aimed to ensure that the world acknowledged Germany as a new Great Power. The time period prior to 1914, saw Russia, Austria-Hungary, France, and Britain as the dominant powers in the world. With both its economic and military advancements, Germany had grown worthy of the title of a “Great Power”. But William II did not want just the title for
What was the key invention that helped America chug ahead in the industrial race around the world? The railway system ignited many other inventions in the last third of the nineteenth century, and helped America grow into the strong industrial nation it is today. The railway system helped “the movement of settlers further and further west accompanied by technological advances led to the major growth of cities and industries across the American frontier,” (Transportation and the Expansion of America). Railroads improved how we communicated as a nation, and helped us transform our economy for a regional agrarian economy to a national industrial economic superpower. The communication in America increased immensely due to the growth of the railways.