American History 1776 and 1870

411 Words2 Pages
In the United States between 1776 and 1870 changed so much. During that time period the size of the United States changed it has increased because of the immigration and slaves. In 1776, the United States was comprised of the 13 colonies. By 1870, the U.S. had expanded beyond the Mississippi River to the states of Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Texas, Oklahoma was still a territory. The U.S. had the states of California, Nevada, and Oregon on the west coast. Territories were between the west coast states and the states beyond the Mississippi River. The population increased dramatically, from 2,148,100 in 1770 to 38,558,371 in 1870. The increase in population is caused by immigration of people to the US and slavery was another cause. Slavery and population had a big affect on the next 100 years of the United States history. The US also changed diversely with new innovations like roads, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. A few new innovations that changed or improved from 1776 to 1870 are the roadways, waterways, railroads, steamboats, and refrigerated railroad cars. Roadways were an innovation that created a way for easier, and faster transportation. Waterways were also a way for transportation, to cut out a lot of land, and cut out time. Waterways are a faster way for trade and barter. Steam boats were what pioneers used to travel down the waterways to trade and sell goods. Railroads were still used for closer travel, with items that did not need to get there as fast as possible, because railroad cars do not move very fast, although the steam engine improved the speed of transportation also. The United States did make rather large changes over 100 years, from 1776 to 1870. It all started with the signing of the Declaration of Independence, which lead to us fighting for our freedom. During this period of time the
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