The Era of Good feelings took place from 1817 to 1825. During that time, there was a rapid growth in post-war nationalism. Meanwhile, James Monroe was elected president for two terms. However, The Era of ‘Good’ Feelings is misleading because many issues troubled the country around that time such as the American system, which tied to sectionalist events and economic panic and depression. Though there are some beneficial events, it was an overall devastating era.
Rise of the Whig Party Jackson's strong personality and controversial ways incited the development of an opposition party, the Whigs. Their name echoes British history, In Great Britain, the Whigs were the party opposed to a strong monarch. By calling themselves Whigs, Jackson's enemies labeled him a king. And they held firm in their opposition to "King Andrew" and his hated policies. During this period (1820-1850), more offices became elective, voter restrictions were reduced or eliminated (for white male adults), and popular participation in politics increased.
He came into power during the Napoleonic Wars, and is most remembered for his involvement in these wars and his sudden change from an active liberal ruler to a more moderate czar. Originally Alexander I relaxed political repression, but later in his reign he joined Metternich in the Holy Alliance in a movement to subdue national and liberal movements. Alexander died in 1825, and Decembrist revolts followed as people argued over his successor. After his brother's death in 1825, Czar Nicholas I came to power. Nicholas is remembered for his much harsher treatment of the people and constant strife for more power.
In the early 1790’s Washington was elected for president and Alexander Hamilton came along with him. Hamilton quickly established himself as a huge influence in every domestic affair and used his role as Secretary of Treasury to institute controversial plans. While Hamilton’s reports did repay the United States’ debts, they forced tensions between the north and south in terms of state money assumption. He also came up with the idea of a national bank, which he believed would help pay off all the debts America owed to other countries. He assumed that if they did not repay their dues to the other countries, then in time of need they will not come support and help them.
The Whigs main reasoning behind reform was the fact that they were conscious of the state of public opinion.. The public were overwhelmingly in support of reform especially for the middle classes. The 1832 Reform Act had to go through many stages in order be passed: - The Reform Act was first presented to parliament by Lord John Russell in March 1831. - It then passed its second reading in the House of Commons by one vote but the Tories managed to have the bill amended at the committee stage. - Grey refused to accept these amendments.
eThe Future of Freedom - Chapter 5 précis. In the chapter entitled “Too Much of a Good Thing”, Zakaria talks about the changes in the American political system since the 1960’s, and the explanations for these changes. America in the past 25 years has seen a significant increase in GDP and the end of the Cold War. As a country they have towered above the world politically, economically and culturally. However, Americans, regardless of all these progressions, feel unhappier in their government as they feel that their country has a fundamentally flawed political system; and have declining faith in their democracy.
18TH CENTURY BRITISH POLITICS In the 18th century, British politics was very different to what it is today. The system has changed a lot of times in the past 200 years, therefore the system used in the 18th century is very alien and unusual compared to today’s system. In 1783-4, William Pitt the Younger was appointed the Prime Minister, after winning a general election in March 1784. This restored government stability, and represents a victory for the King and a defeat for his Whig opponents, led by Charles James Fox. The Whigs were a political party in England, and their main rivals were the Tories.
Germany terns from autocracy to constitutional monarchy as the blame would be on the newly formed government the Reichstag. This leads to a revolution as the power has now been given to the civilians and the Kaiser and Democracy is no longer in charge. This means that the people now have a voice and can create a stronger Germany. Furthermore on 19th of January 1919 Germany had its first election for a National Constituent Assembly where 83% people suggested faith in the idea of democracy and 76/1% voted for pro-democratic parties. This is leads to a revolution as now the people are able to elect the government they think will be best for them and Germany.
The American Revolution was a result of the colonists unrest caused by their abhorrence towards their British Mother Country. For several centuries the colonies had been subject to rule by the English Crown and it’s Parliament. They no longer wanted to be controlled by a country an ocean away, and in turn sought independence. A huge factor in the start of the American Revolution was the French and Indian War that changed the age-old bond between the colonies and England. Decades of conflict followed, starting with the revolt as a result of the Stamp Act in 1765, leading to the eruption of war in 1775.
Discuss how democratic Britain became during the period 1830-1918 Britain underwent significant social and political changes from 1850-1918 and these changes resulted in the government and country becoming more democratic. The years before the first world war saw a huge change in Britain. The country became much more modernized and urbanized and this change in Britain put a strain on old aristocratic constitution. It was a time when citizens were becoming increasingly aware of the lack of democracy within the country. This essay plans to analyse and explain the extension of the franchise from 1830 and to asses whether Britain was fully democratic by 1918.