Since its declared independence in the late 1700s, the United States has become one of the most industrialized nations in the world. This was caused by major changes that occurred in society between 1890 and 1920. Social changes included the spike in gangs and tenements, along with changes in the role of African Americans Political reform also took place as a result of social change. Along with social and political change came economic change, which took the shape of legislation such as the Anti Trust laws, which increased exports in the United States between 1870 and 1920. Industrialization also caused an increase in urbanization.
In the years 1890-1914 in America, big businesses had a great impact on the growth of the economy. By the 1890 America was a booming economy due to the Steam Revolution of the 1830’s to the 1850’s, and the railroads supporting the growing US economy. Other factors are a huge number of unskilled and semi- skilled labour, talented entrepreneurs and the government willing to aid at all levels to stimulate economic growth. There are many factors suggesting that it was due to the rise of big businesses. One of them being that big businesses dominated the American economy, due to the chance of vertical integration.
Document 2 is also a chart showing cotton yarn production in the same years as document 1, but in Japan. It was also gathered by a government power, making it trustworthy as well. As in document 1, it shows a huge increase in machine-spun yarn production, jumping from 5 million to 666 million pounds per year in 30 years. This shows how Japan also had a huge increase in production of cotton materials starting in 1884. Document 6 restates the idea in document 1 of the increase in machine textiles and the decrease of hand-weavers due to unmatchable competition with industry.
(Champagne & Harpham, 21) Texas seems to be urbanizing more and more. This shift brings about economic growth and diversification which means new roads will have to be built, more construction, and expanded water and sewer systems (window.tx.state.us, Susan Combs, Texas in Focus: A Statewide View of Opportunities) thus creating many more jobs as well. A state that was once majority Anglo’s has become a state of all races, which has also driven the growth in population. Texas is now a state where different ethnicities have a larger number that the Anglo’s. People are coming from all over to work in the oil field particularly.
Together, they created the Trans-Siberian Railway improving the infrastructure and mobility of the country. Much like Alexander III, Stalin focused heavily on industry and increased the output by doubling the track size of the railway infrastructure. Therefore, there were big increases in coal production during the tsarist period where 26.8 million tonnes were produced in 1910 compared to 3.2 million in 1880. Furthermore, the communists enjoyed similar booms in pig iron – 116,000 tonnes in 1921 compared with 2.4 million tonnes in 1926. It is questionable as to whether these improvements directly affected the urban workers, as there was little reward of their hard work.
The massive number of European immigrants that entered into America’s east coast from the late 1800’s and on forever influenced the growth and development of the country. Fleeing crop failure, famine, rising taxes, and land/job shortages, many immigrants journeyed to the United States because it was perceived as the land of economic opportunity. With hope for a brighter future, nearly 27 million immigrants arrived in the United States between 1880 and 1920. The majority of the immigrants entered through Ellis Island, leading it to become the gateway to America and become recognized as a national symbol. Many of the immigrants, not knowing the way America worked, didn’t stray too far from the East Coast and moved into areas filled with people of similar languages, traditions, and beliefs.
After the Civil War, rapid industrial growth occurred in the United States. Many changes took place in America between 1860 and 1900, and the country went through a radical transformation where it changed from a nation of farmers to a power industrial center. There are many factors that worked together that made this industrial growth possible such as new technology and inventions which led to new power sources and factory efficiency, cheap and plentiful labor and improved transportation, entrepreneurs, and a cooperative government. Many of the inventions of the Industrial Boom required much more power than humans and animals could provide. The charts in Document 5 on American Industrial and Agricultural Power Sources show that in 1850, 52%
Both the upper and lower classes were changed and they both had different experiences. Economic theories were developed as a direct effect of the revolution, economic theories such as capitalism and communism. Each theory benefited different social classes and each theory had its flaws. The industrial revolution caused the growth of cities to skyrocket. The majority of people in Europe lived in rural areas before the revolution and after the majority of people lived in urban areas.
To what extent did economic developments in Germany in the period 1900-1914 pose a threat to the power of the elites? For Germany, the years leading up to the First World War were filled with extreme levels of progress. A lot of their main industries thrived such as the coal, iron, steel and chemical industry. The urbanisation of Germany stimulated a population boom and changed the structure of German society. The rapid growth of old and new industries led to a population migration from rural to urban areas.
Immigration is the leading cause of such high rates of population increase. Immigration is not only causing over-population in our country but it is also affecting our quality of life in the United States. Step 3. Outline/ Preview of case An estimated gain of 106 million people in merely 45 years is expected. Currently there are an estimated 12 million illegal immigrants currently living in the United States today.