Explain the Term ‘Globalisation’ and the Role That Multinational Companies Play in the Development of

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Explain the term ‘globalisation’ and the role that multinational companies play in the development of globalisation. Globalisation is the process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange. Globalisation has increased the production of goods and services and has therefore lead to increased trade between countries. This trade encourages countries to work together and removes trade barriers such as quotas and tariffs. This increased openess allows countries to specialise in producing goods which they have a comparitve advantage in (this means they can produce goods at lower unit costs) A multinational Company is a corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. There are many examples of MNC's such as Nike or Primark. MNC's play a massive part in the development of globalisation as they often invest heavily into the country they move into. They will build good quality factories to produce the goods and also introduce effective manufacturing methods. These manufacturing methods can be replicated by other businesses in the countries and improve their ability to manufacture goods. This improved ability to manufacture within the country and should lead to an increase in the GDP of the country. This will improve the trade and relations between the country and many others. Also in some cases these MNC's will invest in the infrastructure of the country. This will improve the trading process for not only the company, but also the rest of the country. The benefits of a better transport infrastructure in our countries include improved capacity and better connectivity between cities and nations which helps to boost trade, and create growth and

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