Then by filtering, iodide can be extracted which when combined with other substances can make an iodine tincture, that is a pharmaceutical product. * Can a single substance be isolated from a mixture? Yes a single substance can be isolated from the seaweed mixture by using methods such as filtration and evaporation. In our experiment we used filtration using a filter paper funnel to extract the iodide from the tincture. * What is this substance This substance is iodide Confidence Report The aim of extraction, is to separate a part of raw material, using a solvent such as water with heat.
Separation of the components of Extra-Strength Excedrin I: Acid-Base extraction Introduction The purpose of this experiment is to analyze the purity of Extra-Strength Excedrin® by utilizing thin-layer chromatography and determine the percent recoveries of its components. Three active ingredients will be extracted and collected from two tablets of Extra-Strength Excedrin® by utilizing acid-base extraction method. Three active ingredients of Extra-Strength Excedrin® are acetylsalicylic acid(aspirin), acetaminophen and caffeine, and their structures are: In addition, there is a binding material, which binds other three components together. These compounds can be separated by acid-base extraction because of their different acidities. A binding material can be separated by dissolving the tablet in ether since three active ingredients are soluble.
This product, dibromocholesterol, was washed and debrominated by an elimination reaction using zinc dust. Percent yield and recovery evaluated the efficiency of this synthesis. Melting point and thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis assessed the purity of commercial cholesterol, dibromocholesterol, and synthesized cholesterol by physical analysis. Chemical tests evaluated the purity of these samples by assessing the presence of specific functional groups. Silver nitrate tested for 2o and 3o alkyl halides expected in dibromocholesterol and sulfuric acid tested for alkenes expected in cholesterol.
Radical Chlorination of 1-Chlorobutane. The radical chlorination of 1-chlorobutane was carried out using sulfuryl chloride and azoisobutyronitrile (AIBN). From the reaction there were for possible products which are as follows 1,1-dichlorobutane, 1,2- dichlorobutane, 1,3-dichlorobutane, and 1,4-dichlorobutane. The structures produced from the reaction are as follows; Attached to the four carbons in 1-chlorobutane are hydrogens that can react readily with chlorine, because of its electron withdrawing character. Chemical environment surrounding the carbons are different and therefore affecting the character of the hydrogens attached.
After a series of washes to remove any impurities, the compound was dried and decanted, cholesterol was synthesized. Melting points were obtained from commercial cholesterol, dibromocholesterol, and synthesized cholesterol using the Fisher-John Melting Point Apparatus. A TLC plate was completed, spotting commercial cholesterol, dibromocholesterol, and synthesized cholesterol. The silica gel was used as the stationary phase and the ethyl acetate: hexane (30:70) was used as the mobile phase. The silver nitrate test was conducted to test for the functional group of 2°and 3° alkyl halides as positive and negative controls were used.
We added anhydrous Sodium Sulfate as a drying agent. To complete, we distilled the cyclohexene and collected the product. Knowing this data, we determined the yield % which is 58.5%. This experiment features the dehydration of cyclohexanol and produce cyclohexene. The acid catalyzed dehydration of cyclohexanol with distillative removal of the resulting cyclohexene from the reaction mixture
StudyBlue Flashcard Printing of Lab Final 2211L UGA http://www.studyblue.com/servlet/printFlashcardDeck?deckId=... In the distillation experiment, the purpose of a fractionating column was to Which liquid would be most easily separated from water by simple distillation? 1. 1-propanol (bp=97 degrees C) 2. 2-propanol (bp=82 degrees C) 3. tetrahydofuran (bp=65 degrees C) 4.
The synthesis of NaCl further identified the ionic compound by reacting sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid and obtaining solid sodium chloride. The synthesized compound formed was used to perform another flame test and the chloride anion test, which further solidified the identification of NaCl as the ionic compound. Introduction The purpose of the experiment was to identify unknown ionic compound
This is done by a procedure called refluxing. Refluxing is the process of heating a product to the boiling point and re-condensing the vapor continuously. The procedure halogenation is the addition of a halogen to a π bond forming a halo alkane. In this synthetic reaction bromine was used in the process called bromination. The bromine is acting first like an electrophile, and then after bromine has broken the π bond, a carbocation has formed, and a bromide ion has been created, the bromide ion then acts as the nucleophile and forms a bond with the carbocation.
The nitro group of 5-nitrophthalhydrazide was reduced with a mild reducing agent, sodium dithionite, in part B. At the end of part B, yellow crystals of 5-Aminophthalhydrazide were collected. By adding a strong base (NaOH), luminol was converted to a dianion, which formed peroxide when oxidized by molecular oxygen. Dimethylsulfoxide was used as a solvent in the previous reaction. The bond between the two oxygen atoms in peroxide is relatively weak; unstable peroxide decomposes producing nitrogen gas and 3-aminophthalate dianion.