In 1917, Russia was crumbling into pieces. World War I was draining all of Russia’s resources. Through out the country there were massive food shortages, which left people starving. At the battlefront, millions of Russian soldiers were dying, because they did not possess many of the powerful weapons that their opponents had, like machine guns or the modern tanks, and Czar Nicholas the second’s government was disintegrating. In 1917, Lenin and his communist followers known as the Bolsheviks, overthrew Czar Nicholas II and set a communist government in Russia.
In Poltava and Kharkov provinces, mass impoverishment of the peasants, which was exacerbated by the poor harvests of 1901 led to 40,000 peasants took part in an uprising where they also ransacked 150 landlord properties. The barricade between the peasants and landlords strengthened in the years of the Red cockerel 1903-4 where peasants set fire to landlord barns. This peasant unrest was supplemented by the fact that the price of grain increased due to hyper during the Russo-Japanese war in 1904 due and the wages of peasants failed to increase with it therefore many peasants were left to starve and were angered hence more likely to revolt. It was evident that introducing new policies which would avoid bad harvests thus preventing mass starvation would oppress opposition. Also, there was a need to lower the price of grain to make it affordable to impoverished peasants as they were most likely to revolt.
His army also consisted of millions of poor, starving peasants with bad equipment, poor supplies of rifles and ammunition. In 1916, two million soldiers were killed or seriously wounded, and one third of a million taken prisoners. The Russian population was horrified. They considered the Tsar irresponsible for taking over the army and held him responsible for everything; as a result instability was growing at an alarming rate for the Tsar who had once held himself so assuredly in power. Nicholas II took this course of action to assure himself he still had complete control of Russia.
This meant trade to other countries went down bringing the economy to yet another low and this lack of agricultural workers meant a lack of food across Russia, especially in towns and cities where there was no easy access to farms; and as is with most things in demand, the prices went through the roof, leaving peasants starving on a mass scale. The only short term fix that was established for this whole issue, was a series of loans from Russia’s allies, Britain and France; these loans are especially important when it comes to the provisional government’s role in the second revolution in 1917. The other major issue that was gained from the World War is the amazing show of incompetence from Russian military leaders, most notably Nicholas II. This led to a decreasing
At Tannenburg in August 1914 the Germans inflicted a heavy defeat on the Russians which resulted in masses of prisoners, stores, and guns taken off the Russians. The Tsar’s poor leadership skills throughout WW1led to increased prices, protests, food and fuel shortages, and outbreaks of disease. Also, as the peasants were rising up and seizing the land, many soldiers (who were mostly peasants) deserted the army. A revolution on land was occurring. This is said to be the Russians “voting with their feet”.
During this time, Russian cities were dying because all the workers and peasants were focused on rebelling against the government and seizing the land of their landlords, instead of working in the factories and living the life of a peasant or urban worker. The Russian Revolution of 1905 only decreased the strength of the empire further but a positive outcome for the people of Russia was instituted. Sergei Witte suggested an elected legislative assembly and after the Revolution of 1905, The Duma, a parliamentary institution, was established. Although the Revolution was officially over, violence and tension continued,
He needed enough food to be produced in order to support the working masses that would be turning to industry in cities. Most of the achievements under the collectivization program were due to Stalin’s use of force, which caused a loss of many peasant lives. However, Stalin insisted on collectivization, which caused widespread famine particularly in cities where food was needed the most. Productivity came to a low, as many peasants, especially Kulaks, resisted to the collectivization. Some refused to give up their private land, and killed their
“BLOODY SUNDAY WAS ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT CAUSES OF THE 1905 REVOLUTION” To what extent do you agree? Although Bloody Sunday marked the breakdown of the Tsar and autocratic government, there were many other long and short term causes that provided the build up of tension and ultimately led to the revolution of 1905; Bloody Sunday was the final straw for the peasants and the other groups in Russian life, rather than a key cause. The most significant causes were mostly long term. Firstly, there was the terrible work and living conditions of the peasants, alongside the low wages they received. The lack of usable land in Russia and the subdivison of land between families both resulted in an incredibly low income, especially for larger families.
His teaching method is highly action-oriented, just as fascism. Apart from introduction and conclusion parts, my paper forms in two parts. In the first part, I will try to explain the establishment of Die Welle and in the second part, there will be the outcomes and actions of Die Welle as a highly organized movement along with fascist elements. Establishment of Die Welle begins with electing a leader which is a fundamental element of fascism. Existence of a powerful leader is really important in fascism mainly because of its understanding of human reason.
Assess the successes and failures of Hitler's domestic policies. Hitler’s domestic policies were a success due to the fact that the Nazis were able to Nazify the German population with little to no opposition. The Weimar Republic collapsed in 1933 due to its weak structure and their inability to resolve the deep economic crisis (Great Depression). Many Germans had turned to the Nazis because they had feared communism and sought a way out of the economic crisis, not because they supported the Nazi ideology. When Hitler and the Nazis achieved absolute power by early August 1934, their main goals were to Nazify the German people, improve the economy (with their National Socialistic ideals), and overall maintain absolute power within Germany, while pursuing their radical ideologies.