Stalin'S Failures And Successes

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‘An economic success, but a human failure’ – how accurate is this interpretation of Stalin’s economic policies of the 1930’s Stalin’s economic policies during the 1930s was to introduce Collectivization and the Five Year plan: both were aimed to boost Russia’s industrialization and agriculture within a short period of time in order to catch up to the world’s leading powers, that is, America and Britain at the time. In Stalin’s perspective, it was necessary to go to any lengths to reverse the backward economy of the country as fast as possible to overtake other countries. Without it, he viewed it as a defeat to the Socialist fatherland and a loss of international independence. This essay will examine the economic successes of his policies and whether they were fully achieved. In addition it will also examine the human failures; this would be defined as human loss, death and or a decrease in living conditions and quality of life. Stalin’s first economic policy of the 1930’s was to introduce Collectivization. This was the joining of private plots which had been previously divided amongst the peasants by the Tsar, in order to increase the amount of output production altogether. Efficiency of farms and a boost in agriculture was essential in order to support industrialization which Stalin wanted to push forward. He needed enough food to be produced in order to support the working masses that would be turning to industry in cities. Most of the achievements under the collectivization program were due to Stalin’s use of force, which caused a loss of many peasant lives. However, Stalin insisted on collectivization, which caused widespread famine particularly in cities where food was needed the most. Productivity came to a low, as many peasants, especially Kulaks, resisted to the collectivization. Some refused to give up their private land, and killed their
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