How far was the first world war the main cause of the weaken of the Tsar’s rule between 1914 and 1917? The First World War was responsible for the downfall of the Romanovs in four main ways. The loss of support to the battlefield, the war crippled the Russian economy, has a political impact on Russia and last but not least, through the war, Russia experienced great military humiliations. Firstly, the poor internal communication prevented the support to the battlefield such as agricultural workers and horses to the army. In addition, the takeover of railway lines of the army thwarted food, armours and weapons to reach the army quickly.
(World Book, 2008 Edition, p. 553 Volume 16 Q-R). The Czar (the emperor of Russia) was unpopular and lost support from the people of Russia as he repressed strikes with force such as Bloody Sunday on 9 January 1905, when hundreds of peaceful demonstrators were
Any genocide in history is important because a lot of people died in cruel and unusual ways and it’s wrong. Victims of any genocide did not deserve to be discriminated against and did nothing to deserve to be killed from pure hate, and that is exactly what happened in the Ukraine Famine. The Ukraine Famine was headed by Joseph Stalin during 1932-1933. Millions Ukrainian people starved to death and as a result, it oppressed the national pride of the Ukrainian people. In 1929, Stalin arrested over 5,000 educated Ukrainian people and they were either shot without trail or sent to prison camps in remote areas in Russia.
He was a very weak and indecisive ruler, which was terrible for the country at that point. He also had a wife, Marie-Antoinette from Austria, who was obsessed with spending money. Together, they put the country into debt with over 2 billion lives. Despite national lack of food, they always ate immense amounts, and spent money which didn't even belong to them, but to the country. This put the country into a worse state, and eventually, both Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were executed.
Why were the Bolsheviks successful in October 1917? First of all, the Bolsheviks’ success in the October Revolution seems to be surprising. The fact that the party supported much more radical policies than their political opponents in Russia. It was clear that the majority of the Russian population did not agree with the Bolsheviks’ ideas as well. Additionally, Kerensky (the leader of the provisional government) and his supporters knew for several weeks that Lenin was planning a counter attack and did their best to prepare themselves for it.
Account for the Rise to Power of Lenin In this essay, I will give an account for the rise to power of Lenin. This is very important as Lenin’s power later on lead to the death of millions for example in multiple famines, the great purge and during his dekulakisation. The provisional government had given Lenin the ability to rise to power as they made many mistakes and they thereby created a discontent Russian people. The people wanted change and Lenin could supposedly provide the: “Peace, land, bread” which they demanded. First of all, I will discuss the many mistakes the provisional government had made such as delaying the elections for a constituent assembly as long as possible, keeping the peasant seizure of land illegal and their continuation of the war with Germany.
The war was a large mistake for the Tsar. Although Russia obtained some successes at the beginning, they were facing one of the most advanced military powers in the world and were being led by incompetent Generals as well as being badly equipped Nicholas II made a grave error, when he fired the military commander and took command of the army. This was a mistake in the fact that he had no military experience whatsoever and from then on, the Tsar was seen as responsible for every failure and defeat that Russia suffered. It saw the loss of 200,000 men and around 15 million peasants were enrolled in the army from the farms. This would lead to the army losing their faith in the Tsar which was extremely vital, for as long as the army remained loyal to the him, they were able to put down any threat of revolution however, the poor conditions eventually led to them refusing to fire upon rioters.
Their anger was made evident during the peasant disturbances of 1902. The landowners were also unhappy with the terms of emancipation. They lost the free labour of their serfs and a large amount of land. As a result many were facing huge debts by 1905. Another long-term cause of the 1905 Revolution was the general disappointment with which many Russian people viewed the reforms of the previous decades.
War Communism was radical and involved the militarisation of Labour which was disliked by the people and made people focus purely on the needs of the war. This contrasts greatly with the First World War (WW1) because the Tsar didn’t militarise Labour completely and so the demand for supplies in WW1 couldn’t be met by the factories. Starvation was nothing new in Russia and during WW1 the supplies couldn’t reach the troops on the front line and so many soldiers had little to eat. With War Communism the majority of the food would be taken from a household to feed an army and the result was that Russians starved, this time the household starved and there was little incentive to grow more. War Communism was introduced as the focus of Lenin was on the military and getting supplies to the soldiers of Russia quickly.
However the march induced panic in the police and the army who fired upon the march and charged with cavalry. Who may have killed up to 200 innocent civilian loyal tsarist supporters, women and children to. This was depicted as a ruthless tsarist show of power in which the tsar is depicted as an evil person. He loses support in the masses as the word spreads about the incident, although the tsar was not there at the time people still believed that he was in control therefore it was his doing. Gapon had reportedly shouted out “there is no God any longer , there is no Tsar”.