But even thought many peasants would now have their land many of the youths of the landlords would rise up against the peasants for killing their parents. This group would be known as the “Black Hundred”. This group brutally beat or killed peasants to take revenge as an effect this kept the peasants under control. The Tsar had to crush what was left of his opposition. The Tsar was desperate to get Russia back in control so in December the Tsar’s loyal army was used to demolish what was left of the working class strikers.
In an attempt to increase their wages, industrial workers went on strike. The Tsar’s indecisiveness, the reality of him continuing the war against Germany although there were many thousands of casualties and the rest of Russia was starving due to the bad transportation systems, and the fact that he had broken his promises from the October Manifesto after the
News of the violent acts believed to have been ordered by the Tsar himself quickly spread throughout European Russia, initiating huge responses from the people, provoking a rebellion, which would involve over 400,000 people. These huge strikes brought the government and economy to a complete halt. Strikes occurred throughout the country; peasants attacked the homes of their landlords, embracing the opportunity to revolt; the Grand Duke Sergei, the tsar's uncle, was assassinated in February; the transport system all but ground to a halt. Russia seemed to be on the point of imploding. Sailors on the battleship 'Potemkin' mutinied in June and to add more woes to the government, it became clear that on top of all of this, Russia had lost the Russo-Japanese War; a war that was meant to have bound the
In many ways this helped fuel Russian Revolt. In addition, another contribution to the 1905 revolution was Bloody Sunday. For instance workers were unhappy with working conditions in factories with the unsafe and crowded environments that they were forced to work in. Low wages was another contributing factor leading to a priest – George Gapon – creating a petition to reduce working hours and gain the Tsar’s sympathy in order to improve conditions in workplaces. In 19__ Gapon led a large amount of workers to the Winter Palace on a peaceful march to present his petition to
Not only was it the population of the Russian empire that turned against the Tsars, but the Army too. They were many revolts in the countryside; of which were suppressed by the army. This caused problems as the army was mainly structured of peasants. This meant mutinies were to come into play – 200 from October to December. In addition to this, troops within the far-East wanted deployment as they disagreed with the rules after the Manifesto.
Revolution occurred because of the rise of the opposition, which consisted of the army, protestors and civilians. Demonstrations and food riots suddenly broke out in the capital city of Petrograd. A general strike had spread throughout the city and some soldiers had joined demonstrators, this had caused the Tsar to command the military chief to fire on the crowd. Dozens of people had died and the rest were reminded of “Bloody Sunday.” As a result the demonstration had tuned into a revolution aiming to overthrow the government. The Tsar had lost all support and control because of his actions and this led to him abdicating the
Russia’s role in World War I quickly led Russia’s people to the strong dislike of their Provisional Government and further into economic downfall which continued to upset the citizens of Russia. The Bolsheviks, a left-wing political party that were socialists, began to grow in popularity among the peasants and industrial workers whose pay was very low and in most cases among the industrial workers; their working conditions were very poor and unsafe. The Bolsheviks then instigated a revolution, resulting in Bolshevik power of Russia. Bolshevik power led to further unhappiness. The months before and during the Bolshevik revolution, as well as the signing of the peace treaty at Brest-Litovsk cause turmoil among the socialists and brought Russia into civil war.
Czar Nicholas II saw the possibility of diverting Russian discontent with a “successful war”, and so in February, 1904, Nicholas decided to go to war with Japan. The war was a disaster for the Czar – the Russian army was ill-equipped, poorly armed, and unskilfully trained; the transportation system throughout Russia collapsed and bread prices soared, thus destroying the confidence in the government. Basically, government corruption and inefficiency was exposed during the war and as the war continued, discontent among the people increased dramatically and they lost faith in their
Explain why there was a rebellion by the Kronstadt sailors in 1921 (8 marks) By 1921, the Soviet economy was in ruins, the transport system was on the point of collapse. Factories could not get materials they needed and most industrial enterprises had ceased production. Urban workers were angry about: - Food shortages- peasants were rebelling against the Bolsheviks so food couldn’t get across. Militarised factories- workers could be imprisoned or shot if production targets were not reached. The way the State had taken over unions: it seemed like just another way keep the workers under control.
Additionally, Kerensky (the leader of the provisional government) and his supporters knew for several weeks that Lenin was planning a counter attack and did their best to prepare themselves for it. However, the chaotic leadership in Russia in October 1917, combined with the Bolsheviks “different” ideals, gave them the opportunity to take control over the country with ease. The political situation in Russia in autumn of 1917 was disastrious. The country was in a weak and confused state, suffering from World War I losses and under the unpromising and ineffective leadership of a temporary provisional government. Although many people in the country were dissatisfied with the provisional government, there was a great lack of ideas and willingness to take responsibility to rule properly.