Nicholas II fell from power in February 1917, there are many reasons for the collapse of Tsarism but to what extent was World War 1 the most important reason? World War 1 seems to be the most contributing factor to why Tsarism collapsed in 1917; the huge effects and problems that the War had on Tsarism was able to overturn the monarchy, that before then, had never died. This is due to the impact of War on Russia’s Political state. In 1915 Nicholas II as Tsar toke power of the Russian army, this had a huge effect on the outcome of World War 1 on Russia. Despite this, the collapse of Tsarism could be blamed on different factors of Russia, such as the civilians; the percentage of peasantry in Russia was extremely high, not only the percentage but also the conditions of peasants was awful.
The term Russian Revolution includes not only one event or even process but a sequence of disruptive and strongly violent happenings which occurred more or less at the same time. It started as a rebellion of the most conservative elements in Russian society, dissatisfied with the Royal family and their connection to the self-styled monk Rasputin and the mismanagement of the decision in the war. But the riots were soon spread to the liberals who feared that of the monarchy remained as it was, the revolution would become inescapable. The Romanov dynasty had lasted over 300 years but Nicholas II, who ascended the throne in 1894, turned out to be the last tsar of Russia. How did such an ancient monarchy collapse so dramatically?
Tsarina Alexandra was influenced by Gregori Rasputin, an unpopular and scruffy “holy” man, who was supposedly controlling her son’s haemophilia condition. Nicholas’s decisions at the Eastern Front caused the country's military failures; by 1917 over 1,300,000 men had been killed in battle, 4,200,000 wounded and 2,417,000 had been captured by the enemy. First World War had a disastrous impact on the Russian economy; food was in short supply and this led to rising prices. By January 1917 the price of commodities in Petrograd had increased by six times. In an attempt to increase their wages, industrial workers went on strike.
Between 1917 and 1924, Russia experienced serious unrest, mistrust and a massive split amongst the people. In March 1918, Leon Trotsky had been sent to negotiate the terms of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. This eventually led to Russia surrendering ’62 million people (one sixth of the population), 27% of farm land (some of the best in Russia), 26% of Railways and 74% of Iron Ore and Coal’ (quote from Russia and the USSR 1905-19441 by Terry Fiehn). Furthermore, a 300 year dynasty of Romanov Tsars had come to an end when Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate and later executed alongside his family. On top of that, Russia’s Provisional Government was overthrown by a minority party (the Bolsheviks) during the November Revolution of 1917 who in turn formed the world’s first ever Communist government.
Causes of the Great Terror In 1918, the Bolshevik party, through means of insurrection, seized control of the government in Russia and, in so doing, forever changed the lives of the Russian people and their society. Promising to bring an end to repression and tyranny by the rich and powerful, the new Soviet government quickly transformed itself into one of the most cruel and repressive regimes that human beings have ever been forced to endure under. While the terror and repression was something that continually waxed and waned from 1918 until the death of Stalin in 1955, there occurred a most vicious and peculiar period of violence at the end of the 1930’s that has forever been remembered since as the “Great Terror”. What makes this period of violence so noteworthy is that during this time the Bolsheviks launched their campaign of carnage against members of their own party. Indeed, those caught up in this nightmare thought that Stalin’s only perceivable motive was to destroy the best people in the party.
The years 1881 to 1914 were a time of great turbulence in Tsarist Russia. The 1905 revolution almost toppled the Tsarist regime. Political assassinations were common and military defeat became somewhat the norm. In the late 19th century, Russia was one of Europe’s Great Powers. This status had depended on military power but by the 1890s military power was becoming increasingly linked to economic power.
To what extent was the charge of the Light Brigade the fault of Lord Raglan? For the past 200 years Russia had been expanding its empire and in 1783 they took over Crimea. On the 28th of March 1854 Britain, France and Turks decided they’d had the last straw ordering a formal declaration of war on Russia. Throughout the battles disastrous mistakes were made and lives were lost, one of the biggest mistakes being the charge of the Light Brigade. But to what extent should all the blame be put on Lord Raglan (commander in chief)?
During the first seven years of the twentieth century, Russia suffered a mass political civil war which included multiple political parties attempting to overthrow the current government. Terrorism, civil unrest, work strikes, and military bombings spread panic throughout Russia. After the brief but destructive civil war, Nicholas II was able to declare himself the absolute leader of Russia and the Autocracy was restored. In the end of the civil war several political parties were made legal including the then minority group Bolsheviks. Composition IV’s picture plane is divided into two sides, a left and a right.
Between 1915 and 1917, Italian troops only got 10 miles inside Austrian territory. But in October 1917 came the disaster of Caporetto. In this battle, in fact a series of battles, the Italians had to fight the whole Austrian Army and 7 divisions of German troops. The Italian Army lost 300,000 men. Though the Italians had a victory at Vittorio Veneto in 1918, the psychological impact of Caporetto was huge.
WWI and the Daily Life of all Americans After a decade of unstable alliances and military buildups, World War I was triggered in 1914 by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. It ended in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. During World War I the Food and Fuel Administration, Anti- German Hysteria, and Espionage and Sedition Acts were set into a dilemma. I believe public attitudes like Anti- German Hysteria was affected the most during the war. Through out the war many Americans were in an inadequate zone.