There are several definitions concerning recruitment just as there are numerous scholars who have studied the subject. Heneman (1971) defines recruitment as the process of seeking out and attempting to attract individuals in external labour markets, who are capable of and interested in filling available job vacancies. The function of recruitment is therefore to locate sources of man power to meet job requirement and specifications. It forms a means in attracting manpower in adequate numbers to permit effective selection of a capable and productive workforce.
Again it also refers to the process of attracting, screening, selecting, and on-boarding a qualified person for a job. At the strategic level it may involve the development of an employer brand which includes an 'employee offering'.
Purpose & Importance of Recruitment
* Attract and encourage more and more candidates to apply in the organisation. * Create a talent pool of candidates to enable the selection of best candidates for the organisation. * Determine present and future requirements of the organization in conjunction with its personnel planning and job analysis activities. * Recruitment is the process which links the employers with the employees. * Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost. * Help increase the success rate of selection process by decreasing number of visibly under qualified or overqualified job applicants. * Help reduce the probability that job applicants once recruited and selected will leave the organization only after a short period of time. * Meet the organizations legal and social obligations regarding the composition of its workforce. * Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate candidates. * Increase organization and individual effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and sources for all types of job applicants. |
Recruitment ProcessThe recruitment and selection is the major...