The first sentence of the introduction explores the issue of anger and violence being higher in individuals who abuse substances. This statement is based on other research from other sources, proving that it is a problem area to be investigated. When writing a journal article, it is common for researchers to provide conceptual definitions of key terms (Pyrczak, 2008). The authors in this article discuss the concept of forgiveness therapy, clearly defining the concept for readers. They explain the process of forgiveness therapy as well.
Elements of a recognised framework by Cormack (2000) will be used as a guideline through the critique process. Critique is defined by Polit et al (2000) as a careful critical appraisal of the strengths and limitations of a piece of research. They state that a written critique should serve as a guide to researchers and practitioners, and should help to advance a particular area of knowledge. The critique should also help those who are practising nursing, to decide how the findings from a study can be best incorporated into practice (Nieswiadomy, 2002). Knapp (1998) points out that if research is to provide convincing evidence on which to base practice, it must be capable of withstanding scrutiny regarding the quality and relevance of the researchers work.
What Is Scientific Research Having read a number of research studies scientific research seems to consist mainly of inquiries, observations and experiments. It attempts to use these to answer questions about how cam therapies can benefit people. It does not provide absolute answers to questions, but instead gives probable answers based on evidence and information gathered. The Reason for Carring out Research There are a number of important reasons to carry out research into cam Therapies * Check safety for use * How they work and if there claims are valid * A comparison to other recognized treatments * How they interact with conventional medicines * To help gain credibility with in the professional community * Overview of their effects on clients * To find out if treatments are cost effective Research methodologies and sourses of information used The methods Used create conditions under which it is more likely that conclusions are drawn based on evidence rather than speculation or common knowledge. There are many different Methodologies used the most common two are Qualitative Research * To gain an understanding of underlying reasons and motivations * Generating ideas for later quantitative research * To uncover trends in thought and opinion This is done through in depth Interviews, focus groups and case studies (Appendix T1) It’s finding out not just what people think and feel but why they think and feel it.
Research to help improve the quality of care can be used to ensure the resources are being used effectively. The relationship between nurse and patients will improve. This will then improve the quality of care. For example the government could use research into elderly people to put plans and laws in place to improve the quality of life by delivering more home-based care. Research into planning provision of services is a function of research.
Vision for the future of nursing NUR 391 September 3, 2012 Vision for the future of nursing Today’s nurses focus on care for patients based on evidence based practice, which requires nurses to base their care on research based knowledge. It involves using the most credible and up to date research to guide the nurse through patient care. Evidence based practice (EBP) also stresses the use of known policies and protocols that are based on research rather than based on ‘that is how it has always been done attitudes.’ Evidence based practice also has many potential advantages including greater confidence in decision making and better patient outcomes. EBP has also helped with the nursing process which gears specific patient care to the individual based on that specific patients individual needs (Black, 2011). According to Black (2011), “nursing research enhances the status of nursing as a profession by expanding nursing’s scientific knowledge base.” (pg.
The purpose of this essay is to discuss the main theoretical concepts and ideas that underpin research approaches used in nursing. To be precise, two main methodologies will be discussed with an aim to discuss the key stages involved in both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. In aid to buffer this study, two published evidenced based papers have been used as a basis in this essay in effort to critique the main methodological differences between qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The qualitative paper to be critiqued in this essay bares a title of “psychiatric care as seen by the attempted suicide patient” (A) while the quantitative essay (B) stands out with a unique title of “controlled trial of nursing intervention for breathlessness in patients with lung cancer” as named by their respective authors after conducting research. According to the Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) research is essential to nursing field to enhance evidence based practice.
In this assignment Aveyard (2010) defines critical appraisal as a structured process that scrutinises a piece of research, determining its strengths and weaknesses, thus enabling an unbiased literature review. Learning this skill is paramount to nurses, as Horsley et al (2011) suggests; that by having critical appraisal skills, it empowers nurses, by giving them a greater knowledge of research designs as well as assisting them to recognise the validity and relevance of the research and whether this should influence the care they give their patients. There are numerous appraisal tools available that have been developed to assist healthcare professionals to assess the applicability, validity and trustworthiness of a published research paper. In order to achieve an unbiased critical appraisal of the chosen article, two appraisal tools were compared, the Critical Appraisal Skill Programme (CASP) and Long et al (2002). The Long et al (2002) evaluation tool consists of six sections with 44 questions; it was found that this tool is extremely complex and very difficult to understand and therefore not suitable for critiquing the research paper.
Reflection as a learning tool allows me to identify the positive and negative aspects of my practice and to draw upon previous experiences and apply them to new situations “Reflective practice has, however, the potential to help practitioners in all fields unlock the tacit knowledge and understanding that they have of their practice and use this to generate knowledge for future practice”. (Schutz, 2007 pg.26) The clinical competency I have chosen in this report is Phlebotomy. As part of my role as a health care support worker within a District Nursing team Phlebotomy is one of my primary duties. The clinical skill I have chosen to reflect upon within this account is venepuncture. Confidentiality has been maintained throughout within this assignment and all names and locations are changed in accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Council code of conduct (2008, Section: Confidentiality) and for this purpose I have chosen to name the patient as Mrs Jones.
The purpose of this article is to illustrate guidelines that could be helpful for practitioners when facing dilemmas and issues while developing a group therapy program. The article was published by an accredited journal and done by professionals with adequate backgrounds from credible universities. This article is very similar to the article I was assigned to because they both discuss challenges and dilemmas in group therapy and how to deal with such difficult situations. They both have similar experiences and similar settings discussing guidelines and ethics on dealing with disruptive behaviors. This article will assist me in developing alternative solutions that would be able to broaden my thinking on how to deal in such challenging circumstances such as the article I was assigned to for my presentation.
The data include interview transcripts, fieldnotes, photographs, videotapes, personal documents, memos, and official records. Qualitative researchers are also concerned with process rather than simply with outcomes /product. Hence, data analysis in qualitative research tends to be ongoing, and inductive in nature. New/follow-up data may be collected at any point until the researcher decides that he has sufficient data to make interpretations about the phenomena being studied. Meaning is also essential to qualitative researchers who are interested in how different people make sense of their lives.