There are four phases to FT which are uncovering, decision, work, and discovery. This therapy examines the injustice done to others, consider and make decisions on forgiveness of all involved parties, and learn the skills to forgive. It has been applied to certain populations. Forgiveness Therapy decreases the frequency and severity of maladaptive emotions rather than improve individuals' ability to cope with these emotions. “Given the importance of anger and related emotions such as anxiety and depression in the recovery of substance-dependent patients, we expect that patients in residential treatment for substance dependence could benefit from FT.” (Lin, Mack, Enright, Krahn, and Baskin, 2004) Forgiveness is the main feature to emotional recovery when dealing with chemical dependency.
Within the discussion there are specific suggestions for future research on comparison of Forgiveness therapy with other anger focused therapies. The recommendation is that the programs used should attempt to decrease or remove long standing resentment and they should be compared with those that highlight here and now anger management and behavior control. By doing this it would help in shedding light on whether the removal of resentment or control of someone would lead to affecting the behavior is the key to emotional health or not (Lin., 2004 et al,
Cause of Depression Analysis Worksheet Purpose: The Cause of Depression Analysis Worksheet’s purpose is to guide your steps in analyzing the resources from the Interactive Website on Depression, Resource List in u06s3, and Capella Library regarding the cause of depression from the perspective you have chosen to research. This worksheet will help lead you through the research process by providing you a systematic way to analyze the resources you have chosen to research. As you review resources, you will use the worksheet to analyze the authors’ positions on the issue and the arguments they present to support their positions. To fill out the worksheet, work your way down through the analysis components for each individual article and record your analysis for each component in the cell under the title of the article you are reviewing. When you have completed your analysis of individual articles, you can then look across the responses to compare and contrast the multiple perspectives on the issue.
Critique of Lin Article Yetunde O. Ponnle Liberty University Article Summary The article is centered on prospective benefits of forgiveness therapy. The authors, Lin et al, demonstrated the significance in forgiveness therapy for inpatient substance-dependent clients hoping it will reduce anger, depression, anxiety, and vulnerability to drug use. Lin et al discovered higher level of anger and violence in clients abusing alcohol and other substance than that of the general population. Frustration, anger and other potential triggers or stressors can eventually cause relapse in both intrapersonal and interpersonal areas (Marlatt, 1985). Relapses of intrapersonal frustration and anger are higher than
In the FT procedure, it was divided into 12 individual therapy sessions administered by the same therapist who provided the ADC therapy sessions. The FT method used began with the client uncovering anger and resentment caused by another person's injustice. A decision to forgive is then introduced in which the client works on reducing resentment and offering benevolence toward the injurer. At this point, forgiveness is contrasted with excusing or condoning, forgetting, and reconciliation. The client might decide, under certain circumstances, to forgive but not reconcile.
It was a valuable source because it gave me insight into the research that has been done on proving mental illness and substance abuse co-occur. My last source was an article called Drug Abuse and Mental Illness, Progress in Understanding Comorbidity. This article was important to my research because it proofed all mental illness is associated to stress and stress causes people to turn to substance use. It also explained how each person stresses different things. It also explained how to overcome comorbidity.
Examples are the Beck Depression Inventory and the Personal Experience Inventory. These two scales will assess the severity of Bobby’s depression and will assist Bobby’s doctor in problem identification, treatment referral, and individualized planning associated with addressing the abuse of alcohol and other drugs (Winters, 2010). The major elements of Jean Watson’s theory are factors of caring, transpersonal caring relationship, and caring occasions/moments. Watson believes that human caring is “not just an emotion, concern, attitude, or benevolent desire. Caring is the moral ideal of nursing whereby the end is protection, enhancement, and preservation of human dignity” (Watson, 2007, p. 29).
The research is written as such that the best interest of the service user is considered within the research highlighting the value principles of the researchers themselves, where there is consideration for equality, dignity and respect. Although the article does not conclude any evidence outcomes, it is still important to note that evidence based practice is often the basis for decision making and implementing research findings into practice. Evidence based research involves identifying the best available answer to questions that are raised on an identified need albeit that of a service user or organisation. It involves a process of evaluating the evidence and its effectiveness in informing practice and intervention (McLaughlin, 2007). One could argue that evidence based practice bridges the gap between research and practice with its focus on outcomes.
Nevertheless, Beck’s categorization still provides invaluable cues to cognitive therapist in identifying cognitive errors. Once distortion thoughts have been identified, therapist can form a goal-orientated treatment by encouraging his/her patient to gather evidence that against these thoughts, and thus eliminating cognitive errors. Application of Cognitive Therapy in PTSD Cognitive therapy is one of the techniques that aim to reduce PTSD symptoms. By altering one’s cognitive error, PTSD patients can assign new meaning to traumatic event and also learn to manage re-experiencing symptoms, thus enhancing one’s social and occupational functioning level. In order to achieve these therapeutic goals, Clark and Ehlers (2004) proposed that a specialized cognitive therapy for PTSD should contain two progressive phrases, which namely Trauma and Disorder Focused.
In this essay I will be examining the validity of the Statement in various situations, within a range of hypnotherapists’ sessions, both group and individual, and through a range of unique clients. Does, or should, one defined model of personalisation fit all situations? Firstly I will consider what a personalised induction involves and the theory behind the techniques. When a client comes to you for hypnosis it will in many instances as a last resort to solve a problem. It is important to quickly build up a rapport with the client to reduce their anxiety levels and aid their path to relaxation.